When deciding to major in science or humanities at college, many students find themselves in a dilemma. Personally, the former is advisable for the following two reasons.
Firstly,in a society where more importance is attached to material civilization, it is natural to follow suit by majoring in science, so that one can hopefully make great contributions to the world in the future. As the very basis for spiritual enlightenment, material development is closely knitted with academic studies of science. For example, the daily appliances can not be invented without a comprehensive knowledge about physics and chemistry. Secondly, evidently, the significance of humanities—the pearl of mankind knowledge—cannot be exaggerated too much. However, since most subjects of humanities can be attained along withour personal development, it is axiomatic that we should focus more on the more challenging knowledge at college—science.
To conclude, both science and humanities have their distinctive lusters. But in view of practicality and difficulty, it is advisable that science be studied as a major at college.
Part II Listening Comprehension
1.B) Having friendly colleagues.
3.A) Those of small size.
4.C) They can better balance work and life.
5.D) It is a collection of photos.
6.C) When taking pictures for a concert catalogue.
7.A) The entire European coastline will be submerged.
8.D) Tourists use wooden paths to reach their hotels in the morning.
9.C) They spend too much time anticipation their defeat.
10.D) Thinking has the same effect on the nervous system as doing.
11.C) Picture themselves succeeding.
12.B) She won her first jury trial.
13.C) It helps people to avoid developing breast cancer.
14.D) It tracked their eating habits since their adolescence.
15.A) Fiber may help to reduce hormones in the body.
16.B) Conducting research on consumer behavior.
17.D) It is an act of socializing.
18.A) They spent a week studying their own purchasing behavior.
19.D) It is likely to give up paper money in the near future.
20.C) Whether the absence of physical currency causes a person to spend more.
21.C) The restaurant car accepted cash only.
22.A) By putting money into envelopes.
23.B) Chronic hunger.
24.B) About half of them are unintended.
25.A) It is essential to the wellbeing of all species on earth.
PartIII Reading Comprehension
26.L)significant 27. F) justify 28.E) drastically 29. D) doubtful 30.H) outcome
31.O)standardized 32.B) confirm 33.K) reputation 34.C) demanding 35.A) accurately
36.D)Oil prices have dropped by over 60% since June 2014.
37.L) The nations participating at COP 21 are focusing on quantitative emissions-reduction commitments.
38.J) Some climate impacts may already be discernible.
39.E) Natural gas and coal—also fossil fuels—have similarly seen price declines that look to be long-lived.
40.H) Unfortunately,the current low prices for oil, gas, and coal may provide little incentive for research to find even cheaper substitutes for those fuels.
41.A) Fossil fuel prices are likely to stay “low for long.” Notwithstanding important recentprogress in
42.G) Progress in the development of renewables could be fragile, however, if fossil fuel prices remain low for long.
43.F) Technological innovations have unleashed the power of renewables such as wind
44.O) The hope is that the success of COP 21 opens the door to future international agreement on carbon
45.B) Policymakers should not allow low energy prices to derail the clean energy transition.
46. D) Open data sharing is conducive to scientific advancement.
47. A) Opposed.
48. C) The belief that research data is private intellectual property.
49. C) The changing attitude of journals and funders.
50. B) benefits sharers and users alike
51. A) It is attributable to the rising value of the U.S. dollar.
52. B)They cannot be attributed to weather only.
53. D) reduce the size of its staff
54. D) To be more competitive in sales of beauty products.
55. A) Sales dropped sharply in its physical stores.
Part IV Translation
The Ming Dynasty, which ruled China for 276 years when the country enjoyed good governance and social stability, was depicted as one of the greatest periods of human history. During this period,the thriving handicrafts industry fostered the development of market economy and urbanization. Commodities, including alcohol and silk products, were available on the market in large quantities. At the same time, clocks and tobacco products, among many other foreign goods, were imported. Beijing, Nanjing,Yangzhou and Suzhou emerged as large commercial centers one after another. It was also during the Ming Dynasty that fleets headed by Navigator Zheng He made seven large-scale, adventurous voyages to the Indian Ocean. What is also worth mentioning is that three of the Four Great Classical Novels of China were written during this period.