英语中表示“思考、考虑”的词语用法

英语中表示“思考、考虑”的词语用法

 

 表示“思考”、“考虑”的词语的用法

 

在英语中,表示“思考”、“考虑”的词语很多。在日常学习和教学中,笔者收集了一些此类词语,下面做一简要分析。

 

1.  meditate 考虑, 思考。例如:

They are meditating a new experiment. 他们在考虑做一个新实验。

2.  reflect on(或upon)仔细考虑;on reflection 经再三考虑。例如:

Please give me a minute to reflect. 请给我一点时间仔细考虑一下。

Please reflect on the matter. 请仔细考虑那件事情。

I reflected on possible reasons for my failure. 我仔细考虑导致我失败的种种原因。

On reflection, I gave up. 经过考虑,我放弃了。

3.  allow for考虑,考虑在内。例如:

It will take thirty minutes to reach the station,allowing for traffic delays.

到车站需三十分钟,连路上的交通耽搁考虑在内。

Allowing for the train being late,we should be back by 10:30.

考虑到火车晚点,我们应该在10:30回来。

4.  turn over仔细考虑。例如:

He turned over the problem for hours. 他对这个问题考虑了好几个小时。

5.consider vt., consideration n. 思考,考虑。consider=take account of sth. = take sth. into account=take into consideration考虑,把某事纳入考虑之中。例如:

Having considered the problem more carefully, he regretted having made a decision in haste. 更仔细地考虑了该问题之后,他后悔做出了匆忙的决定。

Apart from this consideration, there is no reason why we should not do so.

除去考虑这一点,否则我们没有理由不这样做。

You must take his inexperience into account.你必须考虑到他无经验(而予以体谅)。

Taking into account all the circumstances, he thought it wise not to say anything further. 考虑了所有的情况,他想还是不要再说什么为妙。

I'd take into consideration his reputation with other farmers and business people in the community, and then make a decision about whether or not to approve a loan.

我想把他与社区其他农民和商人交往的名声考虑进去,然后再决定是否同意为他提供贷款。

6.regard 考虑,思考。例如:

You should regard the matter from every point of view.你应当从每个角度来考虑这个问题。

7.regardless of 不顾,不管,不愿考虑。例如:

Regardless of our mistakes, the teacher corrected our homework patiently.

老师不考虑我的作业中出的错误而耐心地批改。

8.think, think of (或through, over, about) 仔细考虑。例如:

From the way most people look at you, you'd think a trashman was a monster. 你从大部分人看待你的方式考虑,垃圾工人是种怪物。

There are many things to think of before we decide.

在做出决定前,有许多事情需要考虑。

They’re thinking over moving to America.

他们正考虑移居美国。

Acting before thinking always results in failing.做事不先考虑总会导致失败。

We have a hundred and one things to think of before we can decide.

在做决定前,我们有许多事情要考虑。

9.sleep on 用在口语中,意思是“把(问题等)重新考虑,留到第二天再做决定”。例如:

Don’t take the job now,sleep on it first.你现在先别接受这个工作,考虑一下再说吧。

I’ll sleep on the matter and write to you tomorrow. 这件事我再考虑一下,明天给你书面回音。

10.view 考虑,认为;in view of考虑到。例如:

Has the matter been viewed from the taxpayers’ standpoint?

这件事可曾从纳税人的角度来考虑?

In view of these facts, he had to admit his mistakes. 考虑到这些事实,他不得不承认错误。

11.given prep. 考虑到。例如:

Given their inexperience, they’ve done a good job. 考虑到他们缺乏经验,他们做的不错了。

Given their ages, they’ve performed very excellent. 考虑到他们的年龄,他们已经表演得相当好了。

12.at hand 被考虑中。例如:

His question was not related to the matter at hand. 他提的问题跟正在考虑的问题无关。

13.give priority to (或doing ) sth. 优先考虑做某事。priority意思为“优先权”,短语place(或put) high (或top) priority on (或attach high priority to; give first priority to)意思为“最优先考虑”。例如:

The government gave first priority to housing after the war.战后政府最优先考虑的是住房问题。

The problems requiring immediate solution will be given priority at the meeting.会上优先考虑需要急需解决的问题。

14.Focus one’s mind (或attention) on sth.将思想(或注意力)集中于某事物上,考虑。例如:

Please focus your minds on the following problem.请集中考虑以下问题。

15.deliberate 仔细考虑。例如:

They are deliberating what action to take next. 他们在仔细考虑下一步要采取什么行动。

We had no time to deliberate on the problem.我们没有时间仔细考虑这个问题。

16.debate 考虑(某事物)以决定。例如:

He debated buying a new car, but didn’t in the end.他考虑很久是否买辆新汽车,但最后还是没买。

17.reckon on 考虑到。例如:

You can’t always reckon on having good weather. 你不能总考虑有好天气。

18.ruminate over(或about, of, on)反复思考。例如:

He is ruminating over recent events. 他在反复考虑最近发生的事情。

19.chew over 考虑(忠告、意见等)。例如:

He chewed over a vexatious problem of personnel. 他考虑伤脑筋的人事问题。

20.contemplate 对…作周密考虑。例如:

He is contemplating what to do. 他在考虑该做什么。

She is contemplating her future. 她在考虑自己的前途。

21.study 仔细考虑。例如:

She is studying a suitable answer to him. 她在考虑对他的恰当的答复。

22.speculate on(或upon,about)考虑,思索,沉思默想。例如:

We had plenty of time to talk and speculate about our future together. 我们有充分时间一起谈论并思考未来。

Scientists have been speculating on the origin of life. 科学家们一直在思考生命起源。

23.ponder vt. 思索,考虑;vi. ponder on(或upon, over) 仔细考虑。例如:

He wanted to ponder the next move quietly. 他想静静地考虑下一步怎么办。

We can ponder over the ways and means before the construction work starts. 我们可以在建筑工程开工之前详细考虑各种筹款集资措施。

24. weigh vt. 认真考虑,权衡,斟酌;vi. 仔细考虑。例如:

He is weighing the risks he will take. 他在认真考虑他将要冒的风险。

They are weighing the consequences of a decision. 他们在认真考虑一项决定的后果。

You should weigh well before deciding. 你应当考虑成熟再做决定。

25.revolve vt. 反复思考,翻来覆去斟酌;vi. 考虑,反复思考。例如:

I revolved the question for hours. 我反复思考这个问题有数小时之久。

He had an idea revolving in his mind around the new enterprise. 他在心中反复思考一个有关那项新企业的设想。

26. reconsider 重新考虑。例如:

I know that you have decided to leave the club, but please reconsider. 我知道你已经决定退出俱乐部了,不过请你三思而行。

27. rethink 重新思考(尤指为做出改变而深入地重新思考)。例如:

If I intended to remain in their company, I have to rethink my wardrobe. 倘若存心同他们保持来往,我得考虑重新置办衣服才行。

28. bethink oneself 使考虑,使思考。例如:

I should bethink myself of the need to study. 我应该考虑学习的必要。

29. give thought to或givethought 考虑。例如:

He gave the subject a lot of thought. 他对那个题目考虑得很多。

30. think better of 重新考虑后决定不做或放弃。例如:

She thought about asking him where his room was, but thought better of it. 她本想问他的房间在什么地方,但重新考虑后她改变主意不问了。

31. take counsel of one’s pillow 或counsel one’s pillow 通夜思考。例如:

He took counsel of his pillow last night and finally had a good idea. 昨夜他通夜思考终于想出了个好办法。

32. consult 考虑(利益、感情因素等)。例如:

Consult your own wishes in the matter. 在这件事情上,考虑考虑你自己的愿望就行了。

33. commune with oneself 思索,沉思。例如:

He was communing with himself for a long time. 他沉思了良久。

34. brood on(或over, about)(不快或怨愤地)考虑,沉思。例如:

Don’t just sit there brooding. 别光是坐在那里冥想。

He sat in the corner and brooded over the delight to come. 他坐在角落里,默默考虑着那即将来临的欢乐。

35. muse about(或on, upon, over) 沉思,默想,冥想。例如:

As I walked along the road, I mused on what I should say. 我沿着大路一边往前走一边思考该说些什么。

 

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