商务英语口试必备手册 Business Travel 商务旅行 Travel and Transport 出行与交通工具

2018-12-19 09:31:31   Tag:

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商务英语口试必备手册 Business Travel 商务旅行 Travel and Transport 出行与交通工具

Travel 旅行,出行

Transport 交通;公交系统,(英)运输工具

Traveling type 喜欢旅行的人

Commitment 承诺,致力于

Environmentally friendly 对环境无害的,环保的

Business travel plan 商务旅行计划,商务出行计划

Green Travel Plan 绿色出行计划

Accreditation 水准鉴定,鉴定认可

ISO140001 accrediatation 国际环境管理标准认证

Management (企业、机关等的)管理层,管理人员,管理部门,经理人员

Car pool 合伙用车(一群各有自备汽车的人安排好在上下班时每次合乘其中一人之车,并由其开车,亦作car sharing

Car sharing 合伙用车,亦作car pool

Public transport 公共交通

Mileage 里程

On business errands 办理公务

Videoconferencing 电视会议

On-site 就地的,现场的

Cash machine 自动提款机,自动柜员机,亦作cash dispenser, cashpoint, automated teller machine (ATM)

Means/modes of transport 交通工具

Stretch out 伸展一下身子

Cost-effectiveness 节约成本

Advisable 适当的,明智的;最好是

In-flight catering 航空餐饮,飞机上提供的食品、饮料

Destination 目的地,到达国

Meal-time 进餐时间,开饭时间

In-flight video 飞机上提供的录像片

Broadband connectivity 宽带连接

Live TV program 实况转播的电视节目

Laptop 膝上型电脑,手提电脑

Environmental congestion impact 由于环境污染和交通拥挤造成的影响

Car share database 合计用车员工的信息库

Parking space 停车场的车位

Feel alert 活泼,敏捷

Curb 控制,限制,约束,抑制

Sustainable transport 可持续发展的交通/运输工具(指公交等)

Priority parking space (车辆)优先停放

Subsidize 补贴

Subsidy 补贴

Travel pass 乘车证

Bicycle access 自行车通道

Flexible working scheme 弹性工作计划

Teleworking 电子化办公方式,电子办公

Compressed work week 压缩工作周(即以每天较长工作时间的工作日,换取每周较少的工作日)

Stagger 错开

Rush-hour congestion 高峰时段的拥挤现象

Free shuttle 免费班车


 

Green Travel Plan绿色出行计划

Many businesses have developed a transport policy sometimes called a Green Travel Plan(GTP).

许多公司正在开始实行呗称作“绿色出行计划”(GTP)的差旅或出行政策。

This policy demonstrates corporate commitment to encouraging environmentally friendly forms of transport both for business travel and in getting employees to and from work.

这一做法表明企业致力于鼓励员工在外出差和上下班路途中采取环保的交通方式。

 A business travel plan is a set of measures that provide your staff with more efficient and environmentally friendly options for travelling to work and travelling on business.

“绿色出行计划”包括一系列具体措施,旨在为员工上下班和外出差旅提供更有效也更环保的选择。

A travel plan can improve access to your site and reduce complaints about parking and traffic levels.

“绿色出行计划”可以促使员工更加便捷地到达上班地点,减少对停车场车位不足和交通拥挤状况的不满情绪。

 It can also enhance your company’s environmental image.

它还可以提升公司的环保形象。

A business travel plan can count towards your company’s ISO 140001 accreditation.

对公司获得ISO 140001国际环境管理标准认证起着十分重要的作用。

Businesses should work towards developing a Green Travel Plan and for a travel plan to be effective it is important to involve staff and secure the support of senior management.

企业应该努力创造条件,制定并实施“绿色出行计划”。而要想有效实行这一计划,关键在于发动广大员工参与,同时取得高层管理者的支持。

Typical measures:重要措施包括

l  Developing and encouraging staff car pool or car-sharing shchemes.

鼓励并激励员工实施合用汽车计划。

l  Encouraging use of cleaner and less polluting fuel.

鼓励使用清洁度高、污染低的燃料。

l  Providing bike racks and shower and changing facilities for cyclists.

修建自行车挂架并为骑车者提供淋浴及更衣设备。

l  Promotion of public transport (where applicable).

在可能的地方提倡利用公交系统。

l  Paying mileage for employees using cycles on business errands.

对骑车处理公务的员工给予里程津贴。

l  Avoiding unnecessary travel e.g., using IT systems such as videoconferencing and E-mail.

利用电视会议、电子邮件等信息技术体统来避免不必要的外出差旅。

l  Looking at alternative methods of distribution i.e. rail or shipping when economical.

考虑其他的销售方法,例如在经济节约的情况下,采用铁路或海上运输。

l  Providing on-site facilities such as a cash machine to reduce the need for journeys offsite.

在公司所在地提供自动提款机等便利设施,减少外出需要。

 

PART ONE: INTERVIEW

(1)  How did you travel here today?(Why?/Why not?)

你今天是怎么来的?(为什么?)

I came here by bike because I usually travel by bike.

 

(2)  If you could choose, which form of transport would you like to travel by?

如果可以选择,外出旅行你最喜欢采用哪种交通工具?(为什么?)

I’d choose to travel by air because it is more comfortable compared with other neans of transport.

 

(3)  Do you have to travel a lot on business? Do you like it?(Why?/Why not?)

你经常要出差吗?喜欢不喜欢出差?(为什么?)

Yes, very often. Actually I quite enjoy those trips because I like to go to different places and experience different customs.

 

(4)  How do you think you will travel to work in the future?(Why?/Why not?)

你觉得自己将来会采用什么方式去上班?(为什么?)

I think I’ll travel to work by subway. The underground trandsport network will be perfect in the future.

 

PART TWO: MINI-PRESENTATION

What is important when…?

Choosing transport for a business trip    出差选择交通工具时需要考虑哪些因素?

l  Comfort           舒适

l  Cost              成本

l   

In choosing transport for a business trip, comfort is a very important factor to consider. Comfort means being physically relaxed and contented, free from worries and unhappiness. With comfortable transport, you can stretch out, lie back and even get some sleep during the trip so that you can arrive well rested and ready for your work. This is vital for the success of your business.

Cost-effectiveness is also important. You have to consider the cost that may occur when you choose transport for your business trip. It is advisable not to choose a transport whose cost is beyond your budget, since expensive transport can inevitably increase the costs even before you do your business, which can even stop you from meeting your targets. You should never allow this kind of cost to ruin your whole business.

Convenience is another factor to consider. Convenient transport can help to make your trip easy, efficient and free from fatigue.

 

PART TWO: mini-presentaton

What is important when…?

Choosing an airline for a business trip        出差选择航空公司需要考虑哪些要点?

l  In-flight catering                        机内餐饮

l  Destinations offered                     所达目的地

l   

In choosing an airline for a business trip, in-flight catering can be very important. Very often, busy business travelers will have to start work right after they get off the plane and sometimes they may have to work straight through meal-time, and in-flight food and drink can help them relax and feel ready to face any business tasks they are to accomplish.

Destinations offered can sometimes be important. For instance, if you company has business in European countries, you’d better choose an airline with flights to all major European cities and you can have the tickets ready with one airline which can save much of your time.

Services during the flight is also important. For instance, you may choose an airline that provides in-flight video, free newspapers&magazines so that you may read through the long flight, or one that offers broadband connectivity that can beam live TV programs to your laptop. All this can bring fun to the dull journey and make you relaxed during the flight.

 

PART THREE: DISCUSSION

Introducing Green Travel Plan

Your company is considering providing a Green Travel Plan for its staff. You have been asked to help with this. Discuss the situation together, and decide:

l  what are the advantages of such a plan

l  which measures can be taken to carry out the plan

实施绿色出行计划

你们所在公司正在考虑为其员工制定“绿色出行计划”。请你们予以协助。讨论并决定:

l  该计划能带来什么好处

l  实行该计划可以采取什么措施

A: You know our company is considering introducing a Green Travel Plan for our staff.

B: A great idea, isn’t it? This is one of our company’s efforts to work towards reducing the environmental and congestion impact.

A: There are indeed many advantages to do so. To start with, setting up a car share database and actively promoting car sharing will reduce demand for parking spaces and reduce our company’s car parking costs.

B: Yeah. And the employees will benefit too. Car sharers will no doubt save a lot on a yearly basis.

A: And the environment will be cleaner.

B: The plan is also good for staff health and the overall performance of the company. Employees who cycle to work lose fewer days because of illness and arrive at work feeling more alert.

A: Last but not the least, the plan will enhance our company’s image and make a positive contribution towards curbing noise and air pollution in the area.

B: Then how can we do it? What measures shall we take to ensure that the plan is carried out smoothly?

A: In my opinion, before we decide which measures to implement, a survey should be carried out first. We have to know about modes of transport used by our staff, their travel origins and destinations and the difficulties to sustainable transport.

B: You’re right. And after that, based on the results of the survey, we may take some measures, such as setting up car share databases and priority parking spaces for car share vehicles to encourage car pools.

A: And we may offer subsidized travel passes for people taking public transport.

B: For those who have to use cars, we can encourage them to move to cleaner and less polluting fuel by offering subsidies.

A: In addition, bicycle stands should be secured and bicycle access improved.

B: We may also offer flexbile working schemes such as teleworking to enable some staff to work from home one or more days of the week.

A: And compressed working week so that they can work fewer days in the office.

B: I believe all this will work and be rewarding. Let’s try them out.

Follow-up questions

(1)    How long is your journey to work?

上班路途你需要花多长时间?

It takes 30 minutes by bus.

 

(2)    What can companies do to reduce daily traffic congestion?

公司可以为减少交通拥挤现象采取哪些措施?

One easy thing to adopt staggers(交错) working hours.

 

(3)    Do you think it is a good idea for companies to pay their employees cash to ride buses to work?(Why?/Why not?)

你认为公司出钱让员工坐公交车上班这个想法如何?(为什么?)

Yes. It is a benefit and makes people happy. By doing this. It’s easier to recruit and retain employees.

 

(4)    Could it be a problem if managers are frequently away on business?(Why?/Why not?)

经理们经常出差会不会带来什么问题?(为什么?)

Yes. It could be a problem which may result in lack of control and management and delayed solutions and decisions.

 

(5)    Do you think employers can help to make travelling to work easier for staff?(Why?/Why not?)

企业能否帮助其员工减少上班路途的不便?(为什么?)

Yes. For instance,employers may run their own shuttle and offer free bus rides for their employees. Travelling to work can be made a lot easier this way.


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