商务英语口试必备手册 Human Resources Management 人力资源管理 Managing Stress 缓解压力

2018-12-19 08:52:52   Tag:

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商务英语口试必备手册 Human Resources Management 人力资源管理 Managing Stress 缓解压力

Bankruptcy 破产

Dejected 沮丧的,垂头丧气的,情绪低落的

Downsizing (机构等的)精简

Heavy workload 繁重的工作压力

Insomnia 失眠

Keep…on edge 使紧张不安,烦躁,恼怒

Layoff 下岗

Merger 公司(企业等的)合并

On edge 紧张不安,烦躁;恼怒

Prioritise 确定(事项)的优先次序

Thrive 茁壮成长

Tie in (up in ) knots 使紧张,使不安;使困惑;使混乱

Result in 导致,结果造成

Stressor 压力源

Take into account考虑到,估计;体谅

Upset (身体、胃肠等的)不适

Wear and tear 磨损,消耗,损耗;(喻)折磨


 

Stress Management压力管理

Everyone experiences stress from time to time, so it is perfectly normal.

任何人都会时不时地感到有压力,所以有压力感是完全正常的。

However, normal doesn’t necessarily mean healthy. Nor is it inevitable!

但是正常不一定就等于健康。而且压力感也不是不可避免的。

Believe it or not, you can learn how to largely eliminate stress.

信不信由你,你能学会如何最大限度地消除压力。

I don’t mean eliminate the pressures in your life --- those will probably persist.

我所说的消除压力并不是指消除你人生中的困扰---它们也许将会伴随你一生。

The way I think of it, pressure is what is happening to you, but stress is how you react to those pressure.

依我之见,困扰是正发生在你身上的事情,而压力是你对那些困扰的反应。

 So, you can keep the pressure and get rid of the stress.

所以你可以有困扰而同时能够排解压力。

A good example of this comes from the study of stress in executives.

对管理层的压力研究就是一个很好的例子。

Several studies have shown that low and middle level executives show many stress symptoms, like ulcers, high blood pressure, tension, burn-out and so on.

不少研究表明,中、低层管理人员身上有许多压力症状,如胃溃疡、高血压、紧张、筋疲力尽等。

 Top executives, however, as a group show much fewer stress signs.

整体而言,高层管理人员身上的压力信号反而较少。

There are exceptions in both directions, of course why do big wigs show fewer signs of stress?

当然在两个群体中都有例外。为什么大多数高层管理人员的压力症状较少呢?

 There may be many reasons, like more control over their lives, but it is hard to believe they don’t have pressures.

原因是多方面的,比如它们更善于调控生活。不过,说他们没有困扰也是令人难以置信的。

So why don’t they get as stressed out?

那么他们为什么不会被压力挤垮呢?

Probably the main reason is that they are either naturally stress resistant or have learned how to handle the pressure without letting it eat them up.

最主要的原因也许在于他们天生就能抵制压力,或是已经学会如何应对困扰而不为困扰所吞没。

 It’s like the old saying,” If you can’t stand the heat, get out of the kitchen”.

这就好比那个古老的谚语所言:如果你受不了炎热,那就远离厨房。

Fortunately, stress management is largely a learnable skill.

值得庆幸的是,压力缓解技巧在很大程度上是能够学会的。

Most people can learn how to take the heat in their lives.

大多数人都能学会如何承受他们人生中的炙热

Before we talk about how, let’s consider what stress is in more detail.

在探讨如何应对之前,让我们来更详细的认识压力。

 The way I think of it, stress is a “false alarm”. What I mean is that it is that erroneous activation of the “danger alarm” system of the brain.

依我之见,压力就是出错预警,即大脑中危险警报系统提示的一种出错行为的激活反应。

I visualize it as a big red fire alarm inside the head.

我把它想象成大脑中的火警报器。

This is a system we are all born with and it is a good thing to have.

人脑天生就有该警报器,这是件好事。

 However, the biological purpose of this system is to help prepare us for dealing with real physical danger.

然而,从生物学角度来看,该系统是为我们处理真正的生理危机做准备的。

When the danger alarm is turned on, it produces a physiological response called the “ fight or flight” reaction, which helps us to fight the danger or flee it.

一旦危险警报预警,就会产生生理反应,称为迎击或退避反应,它能帮助我们抗击危险或逃离危险。

 

PART ONE: Interview

(1)  Have you ever been stressed out at work?(Why?/Why not?)

在工作中你是否曾感到过力不从心?(为什么?)

Yes. Not only I but workers at every level are experiencing increased tension and uncertainty. In today’s economic upheavals(巨变), downsizing, layoff, merger, and bankruptcies have cost thousands of workers their jobs. To maintain the current economic status, we must to competitive, work longer and harder and improve ourselves.

 

(2)  What do you think managers can do to help staff relieve work stress?

你认为经理们可以以哪种方式帮助员工缓解压力?

Employees report that they are often stressed when they have too little or too much to do. So managers need to divide responsibilities and help employees prioritize work that must be done and take into account the cost of stress before increasing anyone’s workload or hire more people.

 

(3)  How to deal with it when you feel nervous and physically upset?

当感到紧张或身体不适时,你有何应对措施?

I will manage to relax by taking a slow and deep breath or laughing out loud. If the psychological problems worsen into physical illness, then I will go to see the doctor and take medicine.

 

(4)  Are there any advantages in working under stress?(Why?/Why not?)

背负压力工作有无好处?(为什么?)

Yes. Stress adds anticipation and excitement to life, and we all thrive under a certain amount of stress. Competitions, confrontations(对抗), and even our frustrations and sorrows enrich our lives. Without stress, we sometimes may feel bored and dejected.

 

PART TWO: Mini-presentation

What’s important when…?

Managing job stress              缓解工作压力需要注意哪些要点?

l  Hobbies                     兴趣爱好

l  Job target                    工作目标

 

            In relieving job stress, developing hobbies is very important. Hobbies can divert your attention/focus and help you temporarily forget your worries. Sports, for instance, like tennis, badminton, swimming, jogging, mountain-climbing, etc. will get you mentally relaxed after a day of stressful working and make you physically fit. One saying goes, all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. So everybody should learn to mix leisure with work.

In addition to hobbies, your job target is also important. Re-examine your job goals. Pursue realistic goals that are meaningful to you, rather than goals others have for you that you do not share. Pursue reasonable goals that are not too high and difficult for you to reach.

In addition, getting enough sleep, eating well-balanced and nutritious food, developing some mutually supportive friendships/relationships and developing positive emotions are important as well.

 

PART THREE: Discussion

Managing Stress

Your line manager is concerned that some staff are in low spirits and not doing their work efficiently. You have been asked to make recommendations about how to improve this situation. Discuss the situation together, and decide:

l  why staff are less efficient in their job

l  how to help staff to manage their stress

压力管理

在你们所在的部门,部分员工最近情绪低落,工作效率布告,部门经理对此甚是关心。请你们就如何改善该局面提出建议。讨论并决定:

l  员工为何工作效率下降

l  如何帮助员工缓解压力

AYou see, some colleagues aren’t as active and efficient in their job as usual and few made progress in their business in the passing months.

B: Yes, this is a situation that has to be improved. First of all, we should find out reasons behind this, especially work-related stressors.

A: That’s important. As far as I know, personality clashed among co-workers seem to be responsible. We’d better organize social activities, such as a basketball match, then colleagues can learn to help and cooperate with one another.

B: That would be a good idea. Work setting can create physical and mental stress too. You see, the office is a bit over-crowded and workers here just cannot enjoy privacy. We should think of moving to offices big and cozy enough.

A: Exactly. So many colleagues became passive in their work. Leadership style cannot be ignored. The manager should communicate with his or her staff about the leadership style through questionnaire to find out the problems and timely adjust the policies related.

B: Yes, that is very crucial. In addition, the company management should be concerned about the employees’ health and life, such as providing well-balanced free lunch.

A: Good suggestion. Besides, fierce competition and work overburden is undoubtedly responsible too. You just cannot sidestep it.

B: Definitely. One way out is to offer them training opportunities to improve their KSAs, such as time management training to help deal with heavy workload. Besides, we can organize sports to help them get relaxed after work.

A: Talking about overburden reminds me of a popular saying---“ In a well-managed company, no one should feel that he has to burn himself out.” So you see, management knowledge and skills are really essential and crucial.

B: You are to the point. Effective managers understand that stress control is a leadership responsibility and give it just as much attention as any other management function.

Follow-up questions

(1)    Would you welcome stress when you are targeting at your goal?(Why?/Why not?)

当你朝某个目标努力时,你喜欢有压力吗?(为什么?)

Yes. A reasonable amount of stress will push me forward a bit faster.

 

(2)    Do you think companies should arrange leisure activities for the staff?(Why?/Why not?)

你认为公司应该组织员工参与休闲活动吗?(为什么?)

Yes. Arranging leisure activities as sports will help the staff better manage stress, make them healthy and strong, enhance team spirit and boost morale.

 

(3)    Can people avoid stress during their life time?(Why?/Why not?)

在人的一生中,能躲避压力吗?(为什么?)

Absolutely no. stress and relaxation are like twins and are the hard fact of life. In one’s life, one will encounter this or that kind of stress due to the fierce competition of modern society. What’s important for people is to learn to cope with stress.

 

(4)    How do you deal with stress in your daily life?

在日常生活中,你是如何缓解压力的?

When I am stressful under heavy workload or study load, I will divert my attention for a moment to something I enjoy, such as going to the cinema or a concert, having sports, or just go shopping, etc.

 

(5)    Is time management important when dealing with stress?(Why?/Why not?)

学会时间管理对于缓解压力重要吗?(为什么?)

Yes. Managing time skillfully can help you out of your disordered and chaotic life. Every part of your business including play, work and study should have its time. And life will be fabulous.


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