2018英语4级作文评分标准

2018-11-30 10:33:33   Tag:

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2018英语4级作文评分标准

四六级作文采用总体评分(global scoring)方法,阅卷人员就总的印象给出奖励分(reward scores),而不是按语言点的错误数目扣分。我们要从内容和语言两个方面对作文进行综合评判。内容和语言是一个统一体。作文应表达题目所规定的内容, 而内容要通过语言来表达,要考虑作文是否切题,是否充分表达思想,也要考虑是否用英语清楚而合适地表达思想,也就要考虑语言上的错误是否造成理解上的障 碍。这里我将对是否用英语充分表达思想解释一下,也许大家看到hot door的时候可能会想到热门,因为我们使用了back-translation, 我们在用中文的思维方式替学生考虑,来猜测他想要表达什么意思,但是在改试卷当中,这是绝对不允许的,我们必须严格按照英语的思维来考虑,试想一个英语国 家的人看到这个表达方式的时候他肯定是不会没明白这个是什么意思的。也就是说,在真正实际批改中,如果你出现i is, you am等现象,或者一个单词少了一个字母这些情况我们是不会太在意的,如果语言的错误 导致了我们不能够使用英语的思维来理解,那么分数就高不上去了。

  阅卷的标准分为5等,2分、5分、8分、11分和14分。另有标准样卷,我们参照样卷对大家的作文进行评分,首先人们和哪个档次的样卷接近,则上下浮动1分。

  2分标准:条理不清,思路紊乱,语言支离破碎或大部分句子都有错误,且多数为严重错误。

  5分标准:基本切题,表达思想不清楚,连贯性差,有较多的严重语言错误。

  8分标准:基本切题,有些地方表达思想不够清楚,文字勉强连贯,语言错误相当多,其中有一些是严重错误。

  11分标准: 切题,表达思想清楚,文字连贯,但有少量语言错误。

  14分标准:切题,表达思想清楚,文字通顺,连贯性好,基本上无语言错误,仅有个别小错。

二、评分标准
1.本题满分为15分
2.阅卷标准共分五等:2分、5分、8分、11分及14分。各有标准样卷一份。
3.阅卷人员根据阅卷标准,对照样卷评分,若认为与某一分数(如 8分)相似,即定为 该分数(即8分);若认为稍优或稍劣于该分数则可加一分(即9分)或减一分(即7分)。但不得加或减半分。
4.评分标准
2分 — 条理不清,思路紊乱,语言支离破碎或大部分句子均有错误,且多数为严重错误。
5分 — 基本切题。表达思想不清楚,连贯性差。有较多的严重语言错误。
8分 — 基本切题。有些地方表达思想不够清楚,文字勉强连贯;语言错误相当多,其中有一些是严重错误。
11分— 切题。表达思想清楚,文字连贯,但有少量语言错误。
14分— 切题。表达思想清楚,文字通顺,连贯性较好,基本上无语言错误,仅有个别小错。
[注:白卷,作文与题目毫不相关,或只有几个孤立的词而无法表达思想,则给0分。]
5.字数不足应酌情扣分:

累计字数 CET-4 110-119 100-109 90-99 80-89 70-79 60-69 50-59 <49
CET-6 140-149 130-139 120-129 110-119 100-109 90-99 80-89 <79
扣 分 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9
[注:1.如题目中给出主题句、起始句、结束句,均不得计入所写字数。
2.规定的内容未写全者,按比例扣分。
3.如果扣为0分,要慎重处理。]

 

Direcctions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write an eye-witness account of a traffic accident. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:

假设你在某日某时某地目击一起车祸,就此写一份见证书。见证书须包括以下
几点:

1.车祸发生的时间及地点
2.你所见到的车祸情况
3.你对车祸原因的分析

以下为各得分档次英语作文范文,全面体现了评分标准的区别

An Eye-Witness Account of a Traffic Accident

14 points

It was the morning of April 6th, 2003. At about 7:30, I went to school by bike as usual. It was a rainy day and the road was slippery. On the way, I noticed a boy riding in front of me, talking loudly with his friends. He didn’t wear a raincoat; instead he held an umbrella in one hand, and rode with another hand. As he turned left to Guangming Road, he failed to see a car coming from behind a truck parked on the corner. Suddenly I heard a big noise and saw an umbrella thrown away. The boy was knocked down by the car. I was completely shocked.
I think the boy’s absent-mindedness accounted much for the accident. He was talking all the time and dangerously used an umbrella while riding a bike. The weather also played a role in the tragedy. The third cause was the unproperly parked truck, which was big enough to make the road conditions invisible to the students who were going to make a turn. All these contributed to this accident.

11 points

It was last Friday morning. The accident happened when I was on my way to school. It was so terrible that I would never forget it.
I was walking along the road, and there are not so many cars on the road. Then, with a big sound, the accident happened. The red car stoped suddenly on the road so that the driver of following car couldn’t respond immiditely. The back of the red car was badly damaged, but fortunately there was no people injured in this accident.
I think the main reasons are as follows: First of all, the red car shouldn’t stop suddenly without any signals. Secondly, the following car should keep a certain distance from the front car so that the driver could have enough time to take measurs when any badly situation. Finally, these two drivers were careless. If they had paid more attention to driving, this accident wouldn’t have happened.


8 points

The trafic accident was taken place at the junction of two highways when I was driving my car home at about 4 o’clock.
The yellow car involed in the accident was running at a high speed along the right-hand when it happened. Hardly it reached the junction when it cracked with a truck running from another direction. There was no time for the drivers to change the directions.
I think the accident mostly attributed to such reasons: Firstly and the foremost, it was the carelessness of both of the drivers that mostly made the accidents happen. It was not too careful for them when running a car. Secondly, the weather also should be responsible for it. The fog made the vision of drivers vague. Last but not the least, the constructure of the roads was unreasonable. The trafic lights are needed at any junctions.

5 points

It was 8:00 this morning, I went on my way to school. When I just at the school gate, I saw the terrible traffic accident happend.
A student ride his bike in a high speed, and just when he arrived the school gate, a large truck traveled out of the gate and hit him down. He flied over 3m before his bike hit him on the ground. Surely, the poor boy was hurt very bad.
I think there are two reasons for the accident. First, it was just the time we began our first class, the bike rider perhaps did not want to be late, he ride his bike so fast, even didn’t low down his speed at the gate. Secend, the truck is too large, and at that time, there were too many people walk through the gate, so the bike driver have no other way to chose, but to ride in the middle of the road.

2 points

I saw the Traffic Accident in Tianjin Road. The Traffic Accident has been at the morning, May 1. Two children by bike went to school. A car is so fast, the streel. And the car touched two children by bike, and the Traffic Accident has happened. One is touched so far way and the other is put down. Mary people come here, and they sent to two children who go to Hospiton. Wait a time, The ploiemen arriverd in the Accident place.
My opiontoin: The car driver is so fast by car, and He didn’t attendation to the children by bike aside the road. Two children by bike didn’t heared the car come. All of above, I think the car driver must be serier the Traffic Accident.


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