英语口语常使用宾语从句

一个句子用来作动词谓语的宾语,就叫做宾语从句。英语口语中 使用的宾语从句常有以下几种。


1.that宾语从句(直接或间接宾语)

that是从属连词,本身无含意,口语中常常会省略,

I heard that our school would arrange a lot of recreational activities

during the long holiday of the National Day

我听说国庆长假期间,学校会安排许多文娱活动。

Yeah, the dentist said brushing your teeth in the morning and at

night would help prevent tooth decay

是啊,牙医说,早晚刷牙有助于防止蛀牙。

I suppose your survey has the advantage of more detailed informa-

Tion.

我认为你调研的优点是信息更详细。

2. whetherif引起的宾语从句

带有“是否,有否,对否,能否”等疑问含意的宾语从句,由从

属连词 whetherif,:

Couid you tell me whether(if)I can  take  this   bag on as hand lug-gage?

请你告诉我,我这个包能不能当作手提行李呀?

Lecturers can get a free copy  and  decide   whether(if)its going to be suitabie  for their course.

讲师们可以免费拿到一本,他们可以决定这本书是否适合他们的课程

3.特殊疑问词引起的宾语从句

带有“谁,什么,哪个,什么时候,什么地方,怎样,为什么”

等特殊疑问词的宾语从句可由连接代词who( whose),what, which

和连接副词when, where,how,why引起,:

 L wonder  why  so  many  modern  buildings  were  destroyed  by  the   

earthquake.我感到疑惑的是,为什么那多现代建筑都会在地震中

被毁。

Buying a house is quite hard, but first you need to decide where

you want to buy property.买房非常难,首先你要确定你要在哪里

置业。

I dont know when we will have the meeting

我不知道什么时候开会。

此外,还要注意下面几种情况

1.介词+宾语从句”和“动词+介词+宾语从句”

Bankers never really consider about how much the clients will lose

but how much they will earn

银行从来不会考虑客户损失多少,而只会考虑他们能挣多少。

I have noticed those things, but I never thought about why it thap-pens.

 我已经注意到这类事件,但是我从未想过事情为什么会发生。

2.某些形容词后面跟的宾语从句(有些语法学家认为是状语从

)

有些形容词,afraid, anxIous, aware, certain, confident,

glad,sure, sorry, surprised, worried,后面可跟宾语从句,:

I have a computer at home, but I'm afraid that it may be infected

by viruses.我家里有台电脑,恐怕会感染病毒了。

We have just exchanged our pictures on net, but I'm not sure if it

is real love.我们刚刚在网上交换了照片,我不知道这是不是真爱。

3.产生否定转移的宾语从句

asme, believe, expect,fe, guess, suppose, think等动

词引起的宾语从句,否定词 not(hardly)形式上是否定主句的谓语

实际上是否定后面的宾语从句。比如我们说:“我想她今天不会来上

,英文要说: I don't think she will attend the class today.",

再如:

Hot pants are beautiful and sexy. But I don't think my legs are as beautiful  as yours.

热裤又性感又漂亮。但是我认为我的腿没你的漂亮。

 The exam is so sudden. I don't believe we will have enough  time to prepare.

考试来得那么突然。我相信我们都没足够的时间准备。

 I don' t suppose that she will agree to our plan

我料想她不会同意我们的计划。

4.当主句是疑问句时,宾语从句仍然要使用陈述句,:

Do you think John will come to office today?

你认为约翰今天会来办公室吗?

Can you remember how much money we spent last month?

你还能回忆起我们上个月花了多少钱了吗?

Did you notice how she kept looking her watch?

你有没有注意到她不停地在看她的手表吗

5.注意宾语从句的时态变化

如果主语谓语是现在时(包括将来时,现在完成时),宾语从句

的谓语可用任何时态;如果主语谓语是过去时,宾语从句的谓语也用

过去范畴的时态(包括过去将来时,过去完成时),:

hear what you're saying, but you are really wrong.

我已听到你的意见,但你确实错了。

Mr Green said that he would remember the trip to the Great Wall forever.

格林先生说,他会永远记得这次长城之旅。

David told me he had worked at that website for 5 years

大伟告诉我,他已经在那家网站工作了五年。

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