高中英语:as 引导的各种从句

2018-04-10 15:29:29   Tag:

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 as 作为英语中一个非常活跃的词,其引导的从句在中学阶级较为多见,它们的种类应根据实际意义具体分析判定。

  as 作为英语中一个非常活跃的词,其引导的从句在中学阶级较为多见,它们的种类应根据实际意义具体分析判定。笔者现将 as 引导的从句归纳并说明如下:


    

  一、 as 充当连词,引导状语从句。


    

  1. 引导时间状语从句,主句动作与从句动作同时发生,译为“当……的时候;一边……一边”。如:


    

  As the students watched him quietly, he mixed the three together.


    

  当学生们静静地看着他的时候,他把这三种液体搅和在一起。


    

  As the pupils walked along the lake, they sang happily.


    

  学生们沿着湖一边走,一边高兴地唱着。


    

  2. 引导原因状语从句,从句所表达的原因是比较明显的,已为人们所知的。如:


    

  As he did not know much English, he got out his dictionary and looked up the word “ cough ” .


    

  由于他英语懂得不多,就拿出字典来查“咳嗽”这个词。


    

  As it was getting very late, we soon turned back.


    

  因为很晚了,我们很快就回来了。


    

  3. 引导方式状语从句,此时 as 可译为“如;像;按照”。如:


    

  Remember, you must do everything as I do.


    

  记住,你们都要照我这样做。


    

  When at Rome do as the Romans do.


    

  (谚语)入乡随俗。


    

  I have changed it as you suggested.


    

  我已经按照你的建议把它改好了。


    

  4. 引导让步状语从句,多用于书面语中,且须用部分倒装语序,即将从句的表语或状语等前置。它比 though 和 although 引导的让步状语从句更有表现力,语气更强。如:


    

  Poor as he was (= Though he was poor ) he was honest.


    

  他虽然贫穷,但很诚实。


    

  Child as she is, she speaks English well.


    

  虽然她是个孩子,但英语却讲得很好。


    

  Fast as you read, you can't finish the book in two days.


    

  尽管你读得很快,但你不能在两天内读完这本书。


    

  5. 引导比较状语从句,从句通常可采用省略形式, as 译为“像……一样”。如:


    

  It isn't as ( so ) cold as it was yesterday.


    

  今天不像昨天那么冷。


    

  二 . as 充当关系代词,引导定语从句


    

  1. 引导限制性定语从句,在从句中作主语、宾语、表语等成分,先行词通常被 such, the same 所修饰,构成“ such … as, the same … as ”结构。如:


    

  You made the same mistake as ( you did ) last time.


    

  你犯了和上次一样的错误。


    

  You must show my wife the same respect as you show me.


    

  你必须尊敬我的妻子,像你尊敬我一样。


    

  Such women as knew Tom ( = Those women who knew Tom ) thought he was charming.


    

  认识汤姆的女人都认为他很有魅力。


    

  2. 引导非限制性定语从句, as 所代表的不是主句中的某个名词或代词,而是整个主句。 as 可放在主句前面或后面。如:


    

  As is known to all, Taiwan is part of China.


    

  众所周知,台湾是中国的一部分。


    

  As we have seen, oceans cover more than 70 percent of the earth.


    

  我们知道,海洋占地球面积的 70 %以上。


    

  摘自 中学生英语读写


    

  as 引导的各种从句


 

    

  as 作为英语中一个非常活跃的词,其引导的从句在中学阶级较为多见,它们的种类应根据实际意义具体分析判定。笔者现将 as 引导的从句归纳并说明如下:


    

  一、 as 充当连词,引导状语从句。


    

  1. 引导时间状语从句,主句动作与从句动作同时发生,译为“当……的时候;一边……一边”。如:


    

  As the students watched him quietly, he mixed the three together.


    

  当学生们静静地看着他的时候,他把这三种液体搅和在一起。


    

  As the pupils walked along the lake, they sang happily.


    

  学生们沿着湖一边走,一边高兴地唱着。


    

  2. 引导原因状语从句,从句所表达的原因是比较明显的,已为人们所知的。如:


    

  As he did not know much English, he got out his dictionary and looked up the word “ cough ” .


    

  由于他英语懂得不多,就拿出字典来查“咳嗽”这个词。


    

  As it was getting very late, we soon turned back.


    

  因为很晚了,我们很快就回来了。


    

  3. 引导方式状语从句,此时 as 可译为“如;像;按照”。如:


    

  Remember, you must do everything as I do.


    

  记住,你们都要照我这样做。


    

  When at Rome do as the Romans do.


    

  (谚语)入乡随俗。


    

  I have changed it as you suggested.


    

  我已经按照你的建议把它改好了。


    

  4. 引导让步状语从句,多用于书面语中,且须用部分倒装语序,即将从句的表语或状语等前置。它比 though 和 although 引导的让步状语从句更有表现力,语气更强。如:


    

  Poor as he was (= Though he was poor ) he was honest.


    

  他虽然贫穷,但很诚实。


    

  Child as she is, she speaks English well.


    

  虽然她是个孩子,但英语却讲得很好。


    

  Fast as you read, you can't finish the book in two days.


    

  尽管你读得很快,但你不能在两天内读完这本书。


    

  5. 引导比较状语从句,从句通常可采用省略形式, as 译为“像……一样”。如:


    

  It isn't as ( so ) cold as it was yesterday.


    

  今天不像昨天那么冷。


    

  二 . as 充当关系代词,引导定语从句


    

  1. 引导限制性定语从句,在从句中作主语、宾语、表语等成分,先行词通常被 such, the same 所修饰,构成“ such … as, the same … as ”结构。如:


    

  You made the same mistake as ( you did ) last time.


    

  你犯了和上次一样的错误。


    

  You must show my wife the same respect as you show me.


    

  你必须尊敬我的妻子,像你尊敬我一样。


    

  Such women as knew Tom ( = Those women who knew Tom ) thought he was charming.


    

  认识汤姆的女人都认为他很有魅力。


    

  2. 引导非限制性定语从句, as 所代表的不是主句中的某个名词或代词,而是整个主句。 as 可放在主句前面或后面。如:


    

  As is known to all, Taiwan is part of China.


    

  众所周知,台湾是中国的一部分。


    

  As we have seen, oceans cover more than 70 percent of the earth.


    

  我们知道,海洋占地球面积的 70 %以上。


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