知识点总结:good 与 well 的用法比较

2018-03-29 09:53:53   Tag:

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知识点总结:good 与 well 的用法比较

一、从词性用法上比较

1. good 只用作形容词,不用作副词,其副词形式用 well。如:

He speaks good English. 他的英语说得好。

He speaks English well. 他的英语说得好。

2. well 既可用作副词,也可用作形容词。用作形容词时,其用法很有限,只表示“健康的”“恰当的”或“令人满意的”等。如:

She is very well. 她身体很好。

Things are well with us. 我们事事如意。

注:一般说来,well 用作形容词时,只用作表语而不用作定语(如上例),但在美国英语中,well 表示“身体健康”时有时也可用作定语。

二、从相关短语用法上比较

be good at do well in:两者均可表示“擅长”。如:

He is good at languages. 他擅长学语言。

She is good at telling stories. 她擅于讲故事。

They all did very well in the examination. 他们这次都考得很不错。

注:表示擅长某一学科时,也可用be good in。如:

He is good at [in] maths. 他擅长数学。

2. as good as as well as:用于本义时,两者均可表示“与……一样好”,但 good 是形容词,而 well 是副词。如:

他说英语说得跟她一样好。

正:He speaks English as well as her.

正:His English is as good as hers.

但是,用于引申义时,两者的意思很不相同:as good as 意为“几乎”“差不多”(=almost)as well as 意为“而且”。如:

The work is as good as finished. 工作差不多干完了。

He as good as said I'm a liar. 他无异于说我撒谎。

She's clever as well as beautiful. 她不但漂亮,而且聪明。

As well as breaking his leg, he hurt his arm. 他不但摔断了腿, 而且还伤了胳膊


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