英语口语教程——租房

2017-02-08 20:08:08   Tag:

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英语口语教程——租房: 我们大多数人都希望拥有自己的住房。当我们离开家乡,开始我们职业生涯的时候,一种自由感便油然而生。但这种自由感必须和找住处的压力权衡。许多人不知道怎样租公寓。

   租房 House Renting

  第一次找新住处的经历可能既紧张又困惑。

  难度系数:GESE6,PETS2

  Most of us would like to have a place of our own. When we leave home and set out on our careers, a sense of freedom comes with this. This must be measured against the pressures of finding a place to live in. Many people are unaware of how to rent an apartment. Some do not know how to look for a house for rent or how to read and negotiate a rental contract. They need to know how to pay the rent and when this rent money is due each month. They should inquire if the water and electricity fee is included in the rent or if it is something they should pay separately. Special requests should be worked out as well with the landlord so that problems do not occur in the future. This could be as simple as whether it is allowed to have pets. Also who fixes problems that might occur must be determined. These are things that everyone should know before they rent an apartment. People should seek knowledge from family and friends so that problems can be avoided. The first experience of finding a new place to live in can be stressful and confusing. At the same time, it gives a sense of responsibility and freedom.

  听看学

  我们大多数人都希望拥有自己的住房。当我们离开家乡,开始我们职业生涯的时候,一种自由感便油然而生。但这种自由感必须和找住处的压力权衡。许多人不知道怎样租公寓。有些人不知道如何寻找出租的房屋,也不知道如何阅读和磋商租住合同。他们应该知道怎样付租金以及每月何时支付租金。他们要问清楚,水电费是包含在房租之中还是需要另行支付。特殊要求要与房东协商好,这样将来才不至于出现问题。比如像是否允许喂养宠物这样简单的问题。也必须确定好由谁来解决可能出现的问题。以上这些事情是每一个租房人在租房之前都应当知道的。租房人还应从亲友那里获取知识来避免问题的发生。第一次找新住处的经历可能既紧张又困惑。与此同时,它又给人一种责任感和自由感。

  Grammar 语法小结

  由whether或if引导的宾语从句

  宾语从句除了常由that引导外,还可由从属连词if或whether引导,表示“是否”,常放在动词ask, see, say, know, wonder和find out等之后。一般情况下,两者可交替使用,但在口语中许多用if, 例如:

  I wonder whether/if he lives here. 我想知道他是否住在这里。

  Nobody knows whether/if it will rain tomorrow. 没有人知道明天是否会下雨。

  1.if或whether 引导的宾语从句应和主句的时态大体保持一致,即主句为一般现在时,从句就应为现在时中的任意一种时态;主句为一般过去时,从句则用过去时中的任意一种时态

  I don't know if/whether he has come here. 我不知道他是否来过这儿。

  Tom asked if/ whether I had read the book. 汤姆问我是否看过这本书。

  2.if 和whether 的区别

  (1)在动词不定式之前只能用whether。如:

  I can't decide whether to stay. 我不能决定是否留下。

  (2)whether可构成固定搭配 whether…or not。 如:

  I want to know whether it's good news or not. 我想知道那是否是好消息。

  (3)在介词后,只能用whether。如:

  His father is worried about whether he loses his job.

  他的父亲担心他是否会失去工作。

  家庭总动员 Do it together

  找出下面句子中的语法错误并改正。

  1.His father is worried about if he can finish his homework.

  2.I want to know if it's bad news or not.

  3.Nobody know whether it will rain tomorrow.

  4.Tom asks if I had read the book.

  5.I can't decide if to leave.

  1.if→ whether

  2.if→ whether

  3.know→ knows

  4.ask→ asked

  5.if→ whether


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