大学英语六级听力技能必备(一)

2016-10-30 17:51:51   Tag��

英语学习方法

 

大学英语六级

 

英语听力

 
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听力是一个复杂的、多层次的思维过程,它涉及语音语调、词汇、句型、语法以及其他非语言知识,是诸多语言技能的综合应用,也是英语学习过程中最难掌握的基本技能之一。要想在听力考试中取得优异成绩,考生不仅要具备扎实的语音、语调等基本语音知识,而且还要掌握包括词汇、句型、语法等其他方面的语言知识。

 

技能必备

听力是一个复杂的、多层次的思维过程,它涉及语音语调、词汇、句型、语法以及其他非语言知识,是诸多语言技能的综合应用,也是英语学习过程中最难掌握的基本技能之一。要想在听力考试中取得优异成绩,考生不仅要具备扎实的语音、语调等基本语音知识,而且还要掌握包括词汇、句型、语法等其他方面的语言知识。下面我们将针对六级考试听力中常考的词汇、短语、句式以及语法难点进行讲解。

 

一、常考易混词

英语中有很多同音词、近音词和多义词,这些词在考生阅读文章时不是问题,但一旦这些词汇混杂在听力材料中,往往会给考生的听音造成障碍。我们把这些在听力中容易混淆的词统称为易混词,如fare(费用)和fair(公平的),又如fall既有“落下”的意思,又有“秋天”之意。这些词都具有很强的干扰性,使听力答题难度增加。如果不能马上找到其在原文中确切的对应词或意思,考生就很容易选错答案。

因此,考生在平时的学习中就要准确掌握单词的发音及意思。如果在考试中不能确定是哪个词或意思,在听录音时首先写下你认为正确的那个词,听完录音后再结合材料的具体语境进行分析,来确定使全文意思连贯合理的那个词或意思。为了方便考生备考,我们专门研究了近20年的六级真题听力材料,从中甄别出一百余条六级考试中常考的易混词,供考生参考,考生也可以在平时的学习过程中结合自身情况不断充实、积累易混词汇。

 

1.同音词

all together ↔ altogether

band ↔ banned

bare ↔ bear

brake ↔ break

bread ↔ bred

ceiling ↔ sealing

cent ↔ sent

cell ↔ sell

check ↔ cheque

compliment ↔ complement

dying ↔ dyeing

fare ↔ fair

find ↔ fined

flew ↔ flu

floor ↔ flaw

flower ↔ flour

fourth ↔ forth

hair ↔ hare

heal ↔ heel

hour ↔ our

heroin ↔ heroine

past ↔ passed

peace ↔ piece

rose ↔ rows

sail ↔ sale

sauce ↔ source

steal ↔ steel

story ↔ storey

site ↔ sight

threw ↔ through

tire ↔ tyre

vain ↔ vein

way ↔ weigh

wait ↔ weight

wood ↔ would

 

2.近音词

appeal[ə'piːl] ↔ a pill[əpil]

avoid[ə'vɔid] ↔ award[ə'wɔːd]

border['bɔːdə] ↔ board[bɔːd]

bald[bɔːld] ↔ bored[bɔːd]

council['kaunsl] ↔ cancel['kænsl]

cut[kʌt] ↔ cart[kɑ:t]

foam[fəum] ↔ form[fɔːm]

full[ful] ↔ fool[fuːl]

hut[hʌt] ↔ heart[hɑːt]

loose[luːs] ↔ lose[luːz]

odd[ɔd] ↔ awed[ɔːd]

pass[pɑːs] ↔ path[pɑːθ]

presence['prezns] ↔ presents['preznts]

pull[pul] ↔ pool[puːl]

poor[puə] ↔ pour[pɔː]

stock[stɔk] ↔ stalk[stɔːk]

sleep[sliːp] ↔ steep[stiːp]

sympathetic[ˌsimpə'θetik] ↔ systematic[ˌsisti'mætik]

 

3.多义词

accent 口音,腔调;重音,重音符号

agent 代理人,经纪人;政府代表;动因

appeal 求助,诉请;对……有吸引力

apply 应用;申请,请求

ball 球;舞会

bank 银行;岸

blank 空着的;茫然的,无表情的;空白表格

bear 熊;负担;忍受

behind 在……后面;晚于,落后于

break 休息;暂停;打破

brief 简短的,简洁的;短暂的;概要,摘要

brown 太阳晒黑的;褐色的

cabinet 橱,柜;内阁

character 性格;性质;人物,角色;(汉)字

chief 主要的;首席的;首领,长官

complete 完全的,完成的;完成

crash 碰撞;破产;坠毁;破裂声,哗啦声

draft 草稿,草图;汇票;起草,草拟;征募,征召……入伍

fine 好的;罚款;精炼

force 力量;武力;促使,推动

gift 礼物;天赋

iron 铁;熨斗;熨烫

kid 小孩;开玩笑

last 最后的;持续

lean 倾斜,屈身;靠,倚,依靠;瘦的;贫乏的,收益少的

manual 用手的;手册,指南

moderate 温和的,有节制的;(使)和缓;持温和观点者

presentation 授予,赠送(仪式);报告,介绍

reservation 预订;保留意见;(美国印第安部落的)居留地

ring 铃声;打电话;戒指

sack 麻布袋,大口袋;解雇;洗劫,劫掠

safe 安全的;保险箱

spring 春天;泉水;弹簧;跳跃

schedule 时刻表,日程安排表;安排

shepherd 牧羊人;牧师;带领;指导

spoil 宠坏,溺爱;损坏

steep (价格等)过高的;急剧的,大幅度的;陡峭的

stock 库存;股票,公债;世系,血统;高汤,原汤;常用的,常备的

 

二、常考场景词伙

词伙是指出现于共同的场景或共指某一事物的一组词、短语或句子。对于一些需要通过关键词获取答案的场景题、主旨题或者推理判断题,考生可以利用平时积累的词伙,结合录音的具体内容,迅速找到答案。我们把六级听力材料中常考的场景分为学习、生活和工作三大类,各大类又细分为若干小类,并把各类场景中可能出现的词汇进行了归纳,供考生了解、学习。考生可以在考试之前再把这些词温习一遍,以增强临场听力的语感。

 

1.学习类

课程:semester,seminar,lecture,take…course,History of Philosophy,reading list,chemistry project, computer, requirement, theoretic stuff,impart knowledge,participate in a lesson,psychology,start on time,presentation,search on the net,drop one course,pick sth.up,sign up for,be scheduled for,required course(必修课),optional course(选修课)

论文:subject,theme,assignment,essay,extension,paper,thesis,explore the topic,published resources,bibliography,reference,get an early start,gather materials,deadline,term paper,business management

考试:quiz,finals,grade,credit,maths exam,get As,get a C,national test,mid-term exam,self-study,fail,pass,a passing score,barely made it(刚好及格),count for50%of your score,class discussion,competitive examination(答辩考试)

人员:freshman,sophomore,junior student,senior student,graduate,post-graduate,tutor,faculty

感受:frustrated,upset,have difficulty with,have any interest in,nothing valuable,disappointing,figure out,try a fourth time,go through so much work

其他:scholarship,tuition fee(学费),polytechnic(理工学院),distinguished scholar(著名学者),different ideas,get access to,answers to the questions,at the back of the book

 

2.生活类

娱乐:concert,performance,classical music,enjoy,good day,take a break,relax,reserve a court(预定一个球场),a night-out,take your mind off your test,fair weather,good view,dessert,half-done,get served,dine out

运动:ski,boots,play tennis,boating,pole,outdoors,get in great shape,ensure the safety,first aid(急救),check the trails,physical education,belts,patience,mental discipline,expert riders,starting line,relay station,win the game,field event

房屋:roommate,dormitory,furniture,double room,deposit(押金),live on/off campus,utilities(公用事业),heating costs, temporary accommodation(临时住处),landlord(房东),apartment,sublet(转租),dishwasher,messy(脏乱的),a leaky faucet(漏水的水龙头),tenant(房客),afford,room service,book up,monthly rent

交通:second-hand car,emergency brake,board(登机),take off,check in,behind schedule,plane crash,serious casualty,take the subway,railway company

邮局:airmail,brown paper and scissors(牛皮纸和剪刀),express mail,overweight,package,parcel,postage,postal code, postcard, receiver,registered mail,regular/surface mail(平信),remit(汇款),slot(投信口),weigh

医院:appointment(预约),capsule(胶囊),check up,cold,flu,sore throat,dentist,diagnosis(诊断),dosage(配药剂量), emergency room(急诊室),fever,toothache,stomachache,headache,heart disease,operation,pain-killer(止痛片),physician(内科医师),pill,tablet,prescribe,sneeze,surgeon,symptom,syrup(糖浆),vomit

银行:check,cash,deposit,interest,savings(储蓄),open an account(开户),draw on one's account(取款),interest rate, service charge, bank clerk,balance,exchange rate,cash a check,foreign currency,credit card

商店:a special sale,assistant,bargain,brand,cash,cashier,check,counter,department store,discount,fashion,grocery store, medium size,on sale,out of stock,out of style,price tag(价格标签),receipt

饭店:appetizer(开胃菜),bacon(熏肉),beef,beverage(饮料),bill,cafeteria,champagne,cheese,cookie(饼干), dessert, dressing(调料),french fries(炸薯条,炸土豆片),ham(火腿),jam(果酱),main dish,pay the bill

 

3.工作类

谈论工作:be in charge of,head that department,be responsible for,academic background(教育背景),allowance,annual income,annual leave,ask for a raise,bonus(奖金),promotion(升职),sick leave(病假),work experience,work overtime(加班),pay raise,make a profit,deserve the honor,work like a horse,be tired of

面试:interview,assistant,administrative,waiter,waitress,sales manager,nanny,babysitter,dishwashing,formalities(礼节), application procedure,appeal to,take the post of,reference,salary,wage,demand physical endurance,look for a job,work at the same place,permanent employment,part-time job 解雇:fire,dismiss,discharge,sack(解雇),send away,remove,relieve,lay off,give someone the sack,retirement,resign one's post,be removed from that office

 

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