外贸英语用法词典——H开头(二)

2016-10-14 16:14:14   Tag:

英语单词

 

商务英语

 
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外贸英语用法词典——H开头(二):   hardening  n(U) (价格等)上涨,转坚,稳定  ①I doubt the possibility of the market ~ in the near future. 我不相信市场在不久的将来会有转坚的可能。  ②用作定语。

  hardening      

  n(U) (价格等)上涨,转坚,稳定 

  ①I doubt the possibility of the market ~ in the near future. 我不相信市场在不久的将来会有转坚的可能。 

  ②用作定语。 

  There has been a ~ tendency in this line for some time in the past and will continue for some period. 这类货物最近行销一时,这一趋势将要延续相当时间。 


  harmless      

  adj 无伤害的 

  常接用 from。 

  Licensor agrees to save the Licensee ~from all liability for infringement of any patent right of third parties. 许可方同意,保证许可证接受方不承担对第三者专利权侵权的一切责任。 


  harsh      

  adj苛刻的,严厉的 

  They won't stretch a point and accept the~terms.他们不愿破例让步接受苛刻的条件。 

  〖反义词语〗 ~(terms)/easy(terms) 


  haste      

  n(U) 

  1. n(U) 紧急,匆忙 

  All telegraphic messages imply~. We must give the cable a prompt reply. 一切电信都是紧急的事。我们要迅速回复这份电报。 

  2. in ~急速 

  We placed an order with them in ~.我们匆忙地向他们定了货。 


  hasten      

  vt & i 

  1. vt促进,加速 

  As we are in urgent need of the goods,could you manage to ~the delivery? 我们急需该货,你方能否加快装运? 

  〖同义词语〗 ~,hurry,rush,expedite 请参见expedite条。 

  2. vi赶紧,赶快 

  ①常接用不定式。句式: ~to do sth 

  We~to write you in order that you may be able to benefit from the current price. (由于要提高价格)我们赶紧通知贵方,以便贵方能利用当前价格定货而受益。 

  ②当发生延误,而急需改正或补救时,书信中常用We ~ to… 

  Our accounts department drew on you in error and we~to express our apologies for the unnecessary trouble to which you have been put.我公司财会部门错向你方开出汇票,这给你方带来不必要的麻烦,我们特赶快表示歉意。 


  have      

  vt 

  1.vt有 

  Please ~the kindness [goodness]to write us soon. 请早日回信。 

  2. vt收到 

  We ~your letter of June 10,and we are very pleased to hear from you. 我们收到你方6月10日来信,感到十分高兴。 

  3. ~it that有……这种说法 

  The newspapers ~it that some Japanese firms have gone bankrupt.报上说一些日本公司破产了。 


  hazard      

  vt,n(C) 

  1. vt 使冒险,使遭风险 

  They ~ed all their money in the attempt to save the business.他们企图挽救该企业,不避风险投入一切资财。 

  2. n(C) 危险 

  常接用介词to。 

  The Contractor shall not permit his employees,or any other persons over whom he has control,to enter plant site which would create a~to the equipment. 若承包商的雇员或其他所属人员进入工厂的现场可能对设备带来危害时,承包商应不准他们进入。 

  〖同义词语〗 ~,danger,risk 

  danger为普通用语,含义广泛。~多指 “变幻莫测的危险”。risk一般译为“风险”,外贸中多指保险之险别。 


  head     

  n(C) 首长,头头 

  The file was marked "Confidential—Limited Circulation",meaning that only a few people,in this case only ~s of departments,were allowed to look at it. 卷宗上标有“机密——限制传阅范围”,意思是仅有少数人员,也就是公司各部门的头头才能看。 

  hear vi 

  ~ from 从……收到信或电报 

  We await to ~ from you soon. 盼早日来信。 


  heavily     

  adv 大量地 

  Our manufacturers have now ~ committed themselves to substantial orders for several months ahead. 我方工厂现已接受了大量的定货,未来几个月的生产任务很重。 


  heavy      

  adj 大量的 

  As ~ sales have depleted our stocks,we cannot offer anything at present. 存货由于大量销售已耗尽,目前我们不能给你方任何报盘。 

  Cotton sales have continued ~ in recent months. Weekly exports have also been large. Exports should remain ~ during the remaining months of this year. 最近几个月棉花继续大量出售。每周出口额很大。本年剩下几个月内仍有大量出口。 


  help     

  vt,n(U) 

  1.vt 帮助 

  后面的不定式可带to或不带to。 

  We understand that you will make every endeavour to ~ us (to) establish a ready market for our products. 我们知道,你方会尽一切努力帮助我方产品扩建市场。 

  〖同义词语〗 ~,assist,aid 

  ~ 为普通用语,而 assist,aid 为书面用语。assist 常指帮助的一方只是被帮助一方的助手,居于次要的地位。 

  2. n(U)帮助 

  常以of~作表语。 

  We are sorry not to be able to entertain your offer this time. Perhaps there is some other way in which we can be of~. 很抱歉,此次我们不能接受你方报盘。或许在其他方面,我们可以效劳。 

  〖同义词语〗 ~,assistance,aid 参见本条第1项。 


  hence      

  adv因此,所以 

  ①The goods are highly seasonal; ~you must effect shipment according to the contracted time limit. 该货季节性很强,因此你方必须按合同规定期限装船。 

  ②后面往往接用名词或名词性短语,用以单独构成省略句。 

  The loading port is much congested,~the delay. 装运港口很拥挤,所以造成了延误。 


  hereafter      

  adv此后 

  Unless otherwise stated,all prices quoted~in either letters or cables are on the basis of CIF terms without commission. 除另有注明者外,今后无论书信或电报所报的价格皆为不带佣金的CIF价格。 

  〖同义词语〗 ~,in the future 

  ~ 为书面用语。 


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