高中英语写作大全-开放作文的典型考题实例及透析

2016-10-01 10:19:19   Tag:

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高中英语写作大全-开放作文的典型考题实例及透析 :1. 立意选材  传统的“书面表达”题,书写的内容都由试题所决定,无需考生自己编拟。而开放式作文则需学生根据试题所提示的要求立意,确定文章的中心思想。立意与选材是互为联系的两方面。立意决定选材,选材服从立意。

  典型考题实例及透析      

  典型考题 

  2003年高考北京卷 

  根据下面所提供的情景,写一段接续文字。词数不少于30。 

  You are talking with one of your close friends about your plans for the summer vacation. You say to him,“ I’m going to enjoy myself in the vacation. ” 

  He asks, “ What exactly are you going to do to have fun?” 

  You tell him what you want to do is to make your vacation great fun. Be sure to use one or more examples to show what you mean. 

  考题透析 

  1. 立意选材 

  传统的“书面表达”题,书写的内容都由试题所决定,无需考生自己编拟。而开放式作文则需学生根据试题所提示的要求立意,确定文章的中心思想。立意与选材是互为联系的两方面。立意决定选材,选材服从立意。不管习作还是考试,立意首先决定于试题的要求。立意的基础是审题。审题时要认真读题,切实掌握命题要求。上例要求学生讲述一个将来的计划(假期计划),并且要有实例,题中的“great fun”是两个关键词, 所举例子要体现出great fun,因此要围绕great fun来做文章。选材应来源于学生暑假的实际生活, 而且要有一定的现实意义和教育意义。所以这类作文既开放,又有所限制。由于是接续,所以应根据提示使用第一人称;时态为将来时。在这一基础上同学们可以展开丰富的想象,写出各种你认为是great fun的活动。 

  2. 谋篇布局 

  如何安排已选定的这些材料,这是我们下一步要做的事情。最好先拟提纲,这样写起来就会有条不紊,详略得当。如本文就可以考虑分三段来写。采用演绎法,先总后分。第一段为主题段落,提出“我们将过一个非常快乐的暑假”。第二、三段则展开讲述你设计的一两件会使人快乐的活动创意。 

  Possible Version 

  The summer vacation is drawing near. I will enjoy myself in the vacation, because I am going to organize some interesting activities to have fun. 

  For example, we are going to look for “thanks” in the street. Some of my friends will take part in the competition. We will help the passers-by. The one who gets the most “thanks” from the passers-by within the given time will win the competition. 

  A “laugh-making” competition will also be held in the vacation. We must try our best to make everybody laugh. We can do whatever we like to make others laugh. We can tell a funny story, make a face or do some funny things. The one who receives the most laughs from others will get the first prize. 


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