托福写作话题词汇-写作必备抽象词(三)

2016-08-18 09:58:58   Tag:

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托福写作话题词汇-写作必备抽象词(三): relevant a. 相关的,有关的;中肯的例句 To study her story, the writers in the relevant period also need to be studied. 要研究她的故事,也需要研究相关时期的作家。

   relevant  a. 相关的,有关的;中肯的

  例句 To study her story, the writers in the relevant period also need to be studied. 要研究她的故事,也需要研究相关时期的作家。

  remarkable[]a. 显著的,值得注意的;非凡的

  例句 The opportunity to have these questions answered by somebody who is an expert in this field would be a remarkable experience indeed. 如果有机会让一位这个领域的行家来解答这些问题实在是非凡的经历。

  同义 extraordinary(a. 非凡的)

  派生 remarkably(ad. 显著地)

  render[]v. 给予;表达;致使

  例句 1. Before rendering my opinion, I think we might as well take a glance at the arguments of both sides. 在表达我的观点之前,我认为我们不妨看看双方的论点。

  2. There are many ecological changes that render an environment hostile to certain species. 许多生态变化会导致环境对某些物种产生威胁。

  request[]n./v. 要求,请求

  例句 The researcher requested the subjects to describe what they had seen. 研究人员要求被测试者描述他们看到的内容。

 relate[]v. 叙述,讲述;(使)有关联

  搭配 relate to 与…有关;涉及

  例句 1. To study other subjects related to science like physics, statistics, chemistry and mathematics is very essential as these subjects are all useful to solve problems. 学习其他与科学相关的学科,比如物理学、统计学、化学以及数学是十分必要的,因为这些科目在解决问题时十分有用。

  2. The purpose of this report is to relate the rise in crime to the increase in unemployment. 这份报告的目的是把犯罪率的上升与失业人数增加联系起来。

  related[]a. 与某人(事物)有关的,相联系的

  例句 oking, they find that they get fewer smoking-related illnesses. 当他们戒烟之后,发现自己与吸烟有关的疾病减少了。

  要点 表示“有关的”要用related,而不是与之形似的relative,后者的含义是“相对的”。此外,也可以用relevant表示“有关的”。

  regarding[]prep. 关于

  例句 1. The lecturer also challenges the point in the article regarding the problem of energy saving. 演讲者也质疑了文章中关于节约能源问题的观点。

  2. I will cite some examples regarding this topic to support my view. 我将引用几个与话题相关的例子来证明我的观点。

  regardless[]ad. 不管;无论如何

  例句 1. To many people, they will make every effort to get a ticket to a live performance, such as a melodrama, a concert, or a sporting event regardless of the expense or the difficulty involved. 对于许多人来说,他们会千方百计地购买一张观看现场表演的票,比如音乐剧、演唱会或者体育比赛,而不管所需的花费和购票的困难。

  2. Chicago is a great city regardless that it has disadvantageous characteristics. 尽管有一些负面特性,芝加哥仍是一座不错的城市。

 properly[]ad. 适当地;严格地;完全地

  例句 It is important for a child to learn how to behave properly; otherwise he or she will disgust others. 对于一个孩子来说,学会行为得体十分重要,否则将会使他人感到厌恶。

  reaction[]n. 反应,回应

  例句 I couldn't understand most people's reaction to this issue since it has nothing to do with them. 我不能理解大多数人对这个问题的反应,因为这和他们一点关系也没有。

  realize[]v. 认识;体会;明白,意识到

  例句 Finally, I came to realize it was the effort he made in the process of achieving his goal that paved his way for an exciting career in this field. 最终,我开始认识到是他在实现目标的过程中所作的努力为他在这个行业铺设了精彩的职业道路。

  要点 表示“理解了某事”,除了可以用understand以外,还可以用realize,这个词有“认识到某一现实”的意思。此外,还可以用be aware of,比如:I'm finally aware of...。

precisely[]ad. 精确地;正是,的确如此

  例句 Orcas are too large to access shallow or rocky locations, which are precisely the types of locations where the amount of sea otters has not declined. 逆戟鲸太过庞大,以至于无法靠近浅滩或多礁石的地点,而这些地方正是海獭数目没有下降的地方。

  要点 这个词来自形容词precise“精确的”,而precisely却经常用于表示“正是…”,类似于just的用法。

  presumably[]ad. 据推测;大概,可能

  例句 All in all, I just enjoy the happy times in life and presumably that's the purpose of living. 总之,我只是享受生活中所有的欢乐时光,而这大概就是生活的目的。

  proof[]n. 证据,证明;校样

  例句 Finally, the lecturer contends that the statement does not offer sufficient proof. 最终,演讲者主张这一说法没有提供足够的证据。

  同义 evidence(n. 证据)

respective[]a. 分别的,各自的,各个的

  例句 Outside the spotlight, all the common civilians live their respective lives. 在聚光灯之外,所有的普通人都过着他们各自的生活。

  respond[]v. 回答,答复;响应

  搭配 respond to 回复;响应

  例句 I don't respond to stress well when I have a lot of work to do. 当我有许多工作要做时,我便无法很好地应对压力。

  同义 reply(v. 回答)

  要点 表示“回答”的名词是大家非常熟悉的response,而respond是动词。这两个词在写作中非常容易混淆,因此要多加留意。

  responsive[]a. 回答的;响应的;共鸣的

  例句 1. A group of workers is more responsive than individuals because of the number of people involved and the collective strength. 由于参与其中的人数和集体的力量,一个团队的员工的反应会比单独的员工更迅速。

  2. Only when we get a good rest can we be more alert and responsive. 只有休息好我们才能变得灵活机警,反应迅速。

  reveal[]v. 揭露;展现;泄露

  例句 1. It was revealed that the company suffered a great loss this fiscal year. 据透露,该公司这一财年遭受了巨大亏损。

  2. The handicraftsmen refused to reveal the methods they used. 这些手工艺人拒绝透露他们使用的方法。

  3. The survey indicated that social interactions reveal the most of our personality. 这份调查表明,社会互动能显露我们大部分的个性。

  同义 disclose(v. 揭露)

  要点 reveal常用于表示“揭露某个事实”,在写作中可以用上这个句型:It was revealed that...(据透露…)。

  satisfy[]v. 满足,(使)满意;(使)确信;符合

  例句 We live to improve ourselves and even change the world, not only to satisfy the demand for material comforts and luxuries. 我们活着是为了提升自己,甚至改变世界,而不仅仅是满足奢华的物质享受。

  significance[]n. 意义;重要性

  例句 The newer studies undertaken in the field of human behavior showed that the value and significance of playing games is becoming more important to adults. 更新一些的人类行为学研究表明,玩游戏对成年人的价值和意义都变得更加重要。

  significant[]a. 有意义的;重要的;值得注意的

  搭配 significant difference 显著的差异;significant change 重大转变

  例句 A significant advantage of making changes is that we can explore our talents deeper than ever. 作出改变的一个重要好处是我们能比过去更深刻地发掘我们的才能。

  同义 noteworthy(a. 值得注意的)

  要点 在写作中可以用significant替换important,用以下句型描述事物的重要性,比如:A significant fact is... 或者It was significant that...。此外,还可以使用副词形式significantly,比如:Significantly, he finally achieved his goal.

  similarly[]ad. 相似地,类似地

  例句 Scientific progress has been effective in improving the quality of life. Similarly, the cultural progress also made this world a better place to live. 科学发展有效提高了生活质量,类似地,文明的进步也使这个世界变得更适合生存。

  要点 similarly通常用于类比两个相似的概念,或者表明两种事物具有相似性,比如:They are similarly successful in their career.

  simplify[]v. 简化;使单纯

  例句 1. With the help of computers, one's work efficiency will be increased and many works will be simplified. 在计算机的帮助下,工作效率可以得到提升,许多工作也可以得到简化。

  2. This application can simplify the repetitive operations, thus significantly reduce the cost. 这项技术能够简化重复操作,从而大大降低成本。

  solution[]n. 溶液;解答,解决

  例句 1. They can work more quickly in response to the task and come up with creative solutions to the problems they meet. 他们在完成任务时会更加迅速,而且当遇到问题时能够想出具有创造性的解决方案。

  2. Although I tried to seek a perfect solution, the pressure I was facing forced me to give up. 尽管我试图寻找完美的解决方案,但我面临的压力让我被迫放弃了。

  somewhat[]ad. 稍微,有点

  例句 Television is somewhat harmful for it may destroy the communication among family and friends. 电视多少是有一些害处的,因为它可能会破坏与家人和朋友之间的交流。

  同义 slightly(ad. 稍微地)

  要点 表示“有点,有几分”时,还可以用kind of或sort of;另外,也可以用短语to some extent,意为“在某种程度上”。

  specific[]ad. 明确的,具体的;特定的

  搭配 specific purpose 特定目的

  例句 The scientists said it was the specific chemical substance in our body that made us anxious. 科学家表示是人体内的某些特定化学物质让我们感到焦虑。

  同义 special, especial(a. 特别的)

  派生 specifically(ad. 特别地)

  spread[]v. 展开;蔓延;涂 n. 传播;幅度;整版文章

  例句 1. Since the Internet technology is spreading widely, it has become an important form of communication. 互联网技术的广泛传播使其迅速成为一种重要的交流方式。

  2. Rapid measures should be taken since the problem of pollution is spreading. 我们应立即采取措施,因为污染的问题正在蔓延。

  同义 unfold, extend(v. 展开);distribute(v. 散布)

  sufficient[]a. 足够的,充分的

  例句 1. I need to make sure I have sufficient details. 我需要确保我了解足够充分的细节。

  2. To ensure sufficient vitamin D production, you only need to be exposed to 10-20 minutes of sunlight a day. 要确保产生足够的维生素D,你每天只需10到20分钟的日晒。

  同义 adequate(a. 充足的)

  派生 sufficiently(ad. 充分地)

  suitable[]a. 适当的;相配的;合适的

  例句 1. In fact, the natural process of wood decomposition can enrich the soil, thus it will be more suitable for the growth of plants. 事实上,树木自然腐烂的过程会使土壤更肥沃,从而更适合植物生长。

  2. Although TV programs bring so much joy, some of them are not suitable for kids. 尽管电视节目给我们带来如此多的欢乐,但其中一些并不适合小孩子。

  support[]n. 支持;支撑;支持者 v. 支持;支撑

  例句 1. The president gave his full support to the policy. 总统对这一政策给予全力支持。

  2. There are three reasons to support my view. 有三个原因支持我的观点。

  suppose[]v. 推测;假定;期望

  搭配 be supposed to... 应该;被期望

  例句 Suppose that if everyone can go to college, there would be a crowd on the campus, and the resources are not enough for the huge amount of students. 想象一下,如果人人都能上大学,那么校园里将会十分拥挤,而且资源也不够这么多的学生使用。

  同义 presume(v. 推测;假定)

  要点 表示“应该”的时候,除了常用的should,还可以用be supposed to这个短语,比如:It was supposed to be finished today.


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