一生必看的电影-《面纱》

2016-08-14 11:25:25   Tag:

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一生必看的电影-《面纱》:《面纱》虽是一部爱情片,但整个影片对于爱情的阐释却带有一种哲学的意味。透过影片中人物的情感关系,我们看到的是人性的种种弱点:背叛、狭隘、自私、固执、软弱、偏执……而所有这一切,最终都在Kitty和Walter迟来的爱情以及他们相互的宽恕中得到救赎,并通过Walter颇具奉献意味的死亡而变得永恒。

The Painted Veil 面纱:爱情、背叛与宽恕


什么是爱?在爱情那华丽的面纱下究竟隐藏着多少不为人知的挣扎和挫折?爱,不仅仅是简单的两情相悦,它还意味着慈悲、怜悯和宽恕……

电影《面纱》改编自英国作家毛姆(Somerset Maungham)的同名小说,其名称“The Painted Veil”出自著名诗人雪莱(Shelley)的诗句:“Lift not the painted veil which those who live call life.

电影讲述的是有关爱情、背叛与宽恕的故事。影片背景设在20世纪20年代,英国女孩Kitty迫于家庭的压力,与自己不爱的细菌学家Walter结了婚。婚后两人一起来到了中国上海。在那里,孤独的Kitty爱上了同样来自英国的有妇之夫CharlieWalter发现了他们的恋情,盛怒之下的他出于报复,将Kitty带到了正爆发霍乱疫情的广西,而自己也在那里开始了对疫情的控制工作。在这期间,Kitty渐渐认识到Charlie的虚伪,并看到了Walter的正直、可爱之处,而Walter也原谅了Kitty,两人迎来了真正的爱情。但是就在Kitty怀孕之际,Walter却感染了霍乱…… 

人性的软弱

《面纱》虽是一部爱情片,但整个影片对于爱情的阐释却带有一种哲学的意味。透过影片中人物的情感关系,我们看到的是人性的种种弱点:背叛、狭隘、自私、固执、软弱、偏执……而所有这一切,最终都在KittyWalter迟来的爱情以及他们相互的宽恕中得到救赎,并通过Walter颇具奉献意味的死亡而变得永恒。

人性的软弱首先体现在女主人公Kitty身上。影片一开始就是Kitty的家人催促她赶紧结婚的场景。当Kitty谈到“婚姻要有爱情”的时候,她的母亲却问了一句:“How much longer do you expect your father to go on supporting you?”这令Kitty哑口无言,不得不嫁给了自己并不爱的Walter。这也为影片的主要线索之一“背叛”埋下了伏笔。

两人婚后来到上海,为了使Kitty快乐,Walter带她去看京剧。在剧院,Kitty结识了情场老手Charlie,他对台上京剧女主角的表演的一番发挥深深触动了Kitty,也俘获了她那颗孤独的心。这段话堪称影片中最精彩的台词之一。

Charlie: Are you enjoying it?

Kitty: I've never seen anything like it.

Charlie: Every gesture has a meaning. See how she covers her face with the cloth? She is mourning her misfortune. What happened to her? She was sold into slavery, condemned to a life of drudgery[注释]and despair, in a strange land far from home. See the chains? They represent the heavy bondage of her poor trapped soul from which there is no escape. And so she weeps. She weeps for the lively, vivacious girl she once was, for the lonely woman she has become. And most of all, she weeps for the love she'll never feel, for the love she'll never give.

得知妻子“婚外情”的Walter在盛怒之下要求Kitty跟随自己去广西霍乱灾区,两人为此发生了激烈争吵。面对Walter的坚持,Kitty幻想Charlie会因此离婚,和自己结合。于是她前去找Charlie

Kitty: Walter's agreed to let me divorce him quietly … His offer comes with a condition.

Charlie: I'm not a rich man.

Kitty: He doesn't want your money. He's agreed to let me divorce him if Dorothy will agree to divorce you. And if … you'll promise to marry me.

Charlie: You know, darling, whatever happens, we must try to keep Dorothy out of it.

Kitty: You don't want to divorce her.

Charlie: It's not just a question of my marriage ....

Kitty: Then what is it?

Charlie: Do you have any idea of the importance of my station here? If I were ... Why are you laughing?

Kitty: I don't think Walter intended for one minute to divorce me. He knew you'd let me down.

Charlie: Try to understand.

Kitty: I understand, all right.   

正如Walter所预料的那样,Charlie只不过是逢场作戏,当KittyWalter同意离婚但提出了条件时,他首先想到的竟然是金钱。无奈的Kitty只得跟随Walter一同前往广西。一路上风光旖旎,但是两人之间没有交流,KittyWalter脸上看到的只有鄙夷。

影片处处都表现出人性的弱点:Walter由于愤怒而对Kitty的折磨,Charlie对待感情的虚伪与无耻,地方军阀对于民众死亡的漠视等等。但与普通揭示人性阴暗面的表达手法不同,《面纱》着重表达的是人类在面对自身这些阴暗面时的软弱:他们往往能够意识到自己的这些弱点,但却无力反抗。这特别体现在两位主角身上,Walter明知Kitty不爱自己,却执著地要娶她。当得知Kitty背叛自己时,内心骄傲的他受到了深深的伤害,转而开始从精神上折磨Kitty。而Kitty虽然已经看透了Charlie的虚伪,但是广西百无聊赖的生活又使她对Charlie产生了幻想,甚至写了信要寄给他,却从其他人口中得知Charlie一直滥情不断,从未有过真心。情难自禁,无力抗拒——这是人性的弱点,也是人生的无奈。

中国元素

这是一部中美合拍、全程都在中国境内拍摄的电影,中国元素自然成为本片的一个重要卖点。除了上世纪20年代的上海和美丽的广西桂林山水,影片还有个重量级的配角——黄秋生扮演的国民革命军军官Colonel。这个角色很出彩,出场亮相的一段话颇有气势,注定了这不再是一部白人高高在上的影片。 

Walter: Colonel, can I see where they get their drinking water? For starters, we've got to stop people from using this well until I can test it. Do you understand?

Colonel: Yes, I understand, Dr. Fane. I received my military training in Moscow. If you don't like English, we can speak Russian.

Walter: English will be fine. Thank you.

以往有关中国题材的美国电影对中国人和中国元素的描写往往有意无意地带有一定的偏见。而《面纱》中刻画的中国虽然处于落后的民国时期,但其中的一切都表现得比较合情合理。尤其是黄秋生扮演的国民革命军军官更是让观众看到了一个自信、自强的中国人形象。影片中有一个片段是他陪同Walter去见地方军阀,试图说服其协助控制灾情,路上两人的谈话体现的就是两个真正平等的人之间的沟通与交流。

Colonel: So, what do you plan to say to persuade him?

Walter: I don't know.

Colonel: These men are like animals. They have no vision. They only have hunger and strength. Men like this have held the real power in China since I was young. But that time is coming to an end. There's no place for them in the new China.

Walter: I don't think you like my being here very much either, do you?

Colonel: I think China belongs to Chinese people, but the rest of the wo rld seems to disagree.

WaIter: Yes, but that's got nothing to do with me. I didn't come here with a gun, you know. I came here with a microscope. I believe you.

Colonel: But it would be nice to do this work together without your country's guns pointing at our people.

灵魂的救赎

值得一提的是,影片中作为叙事背景的桂林山水非常漂亮,而这为片中角色心灵的净化过程作了很好的呼应。正是在这如画的山水风景里,Kitty逐渐看到了Walter的优点:他的正直和执著,以及他不顾生命危险对控制疫情工作的全身心投入。这让一直养尊处优、喜欢风花雪月的Kitty开始懂得生活的意义,她开始参与到当地的教会工作中,帮忙照顾儿童。慢慢地,KittyWalter第一次有了共同语言,开始对话,并最终穿越彼此之间的隔膜,化解了那些内心积聚的障碍。

Kitty: They brought in a new baby today.… Thank goodness for those nuns. They do so much for so little in return.

Walter: I suppose you can look at it that way.

Kitty: You suppose?

Walter: I think it might be a bit more complicated than that.

Kitty: They take in desperate children and give them a chance at life. What could be so complicated about that?

Walter: They also go to young mothers in their homes. They ask them to give their babies to the convent. They offer them money to support their families, to persuade them to do it. They're not just here to run an orphanage, your nuns. They're turning those children into little Catholics. None of us are in China without a reason.

Kitty: Well, … I admire them.… And I think what you're doing, for instance, is incredibly noble. You used to feel contempt for me. Don't you still?

Walter: I can't believe that you with all your cleverness should have such little sense of proportion.

Kitty: We humans are more complex than your silly little microbes. We're unpredictable. We make mistakes and we disappoint.

Walter: Yes, we certainly do.

Kitty:  I'm sorry. I'm sorry. I'm not the perfect young woman that you want me to be. I'm just ordinary. I never tried to pretend that I was anything else.

Walter: No, you certainly didn't.

Kitty: I like the theater and dancing and playing tennis. I like games. I like men who play games. God forgive me, that's the way I was brought up.

Walter: Well, I play a pretty fierce hand of bridge.

Kitty: Oh, well, that's bloody exciting. And you, you dragged me around all those interminable[注释]galleries in Venice, blathering[注释]on about the miracle of the canals, and the flashing of the lagoon[注释]system, or some such nonsense. Honestly, I'd have been much happier playing golf at Sandwich.

Kitty: Oh, well, that's bloody exciting. And you, you dragged me around all those interminable[注释]galleries in Venice, blathering[注释]on about the miracle of the canals, and the flashing of the lagoon[注释]system, or some such nonsense. Honestly, I'd have been much happier playing golf at Sandwich.

Walter: I suppose you're right.

Kitty: It was silly of us to look for qualities in each other that we never had.

Walter: Yes. Yes, it was.

这也许是两人第一次真正面对面的坦诚对话,以前所有的不快、别扭,甚至仇恨都在两人淡淡的话语中慢慢融化了。

当坚冰散去,两人深藏在心底的爱情也得以爆发。就在两人沉浸在这迟来的爱情中时,Kitty怀孕了,但她却不能确定孩子是Charlie的还是Walter的。这时候,Walter再一次表现出正直和无私,认为孩子是谁的不重要,彻底宽恕了Kitty

Walter: A baby? You're quite certain?

Kitty: Yes.

Walter: Well, that's wonderful. How long do you think you've been like this?

Kitty: Two months. Maybe longer.

Walter: Kitty. Am I the father?

Kitty: I honestly don't know. I'm sorry.

Walter: Well. It doesn't matter now, does it?

Kitty: No. No, it doesn't .

然而就在观众期待着一个happy ending的时候,Walter却不幸感染了霍乱。Kitty不顾被传染的危险,一直陪伴在他身边。而Walter在临死之前对Kitty说的最后的心里话竟然是“Forgive me.”这让Kitty愈发心痛和内疚。宽恕别人,救赎自己,Walter的死虽然悲哀,却使影片的这一主题得以完满。

Kitty: Are you awake? Are you feeling better?

Walter: Forgive me.

Kitty: Forgive you? There's nothing to forgive. Walter. I'm sorry. I'm so sorry.

影片最后,几年后的Kitty带着儿子在街头再次邂逅Charlie,在Charlie作出重叙旧情的暗示时,Kitty毅然回绝了他,完成了对自己情感和道德的救赎,也减轻了影片的悲剧色彩。    

然而小说原著的结尾却与影片相反:Kitty回到伦敦后,由于受不了寂寞,又回到了Charlie身边。但这样的结局实在太过残酷,令人感到绝望。这也许是基于作家毛姆对于人的软弱本性的洞悉。也许就像雪莱的诗句里说的:“Lift not the painted veil which those who live call life.”——“别揭开生活的面纱”,因为面纱之下就是阴暗、软弱的人类本性。

……


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