英语语法入门:状语

2012-08-27 09:34:34   Tag:

英语口语

 
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英语语法入门:状语:句子的状语可以是一个副词或者一个用数量词修饰的副词,状语在句子中在什么位置?我们通常把状语放在动词后面……


An adverbial can be an adverb:
句子的状语可以是一个副词

He spoke angrily.

They live here.

We will be back soon.


or an adverb with a quantifier:
或者一个用数量词修饰的副词

He spoke really angrily.

They live just here.

We will go quite soon.

We will go as soon as possible.


or a phrase with a preposition:
或者是一个介词短语:

He spoke in an angry voice.

They live in London.

We will go in a few minutes.


状语的位置

Where do adverbials go in a sentence?
状语在句子中在什么位置?


We normally put adverbials after the verb:
我们通常把状语放在动词后面:

He spoke angrily.

They live just here.

We will go in a few minutes.


or after the object or complement:
或者是宾语或补语后面:

He opened the door quietly.

She left the money on the table.

We saw our friends last night.

You are looking tired tonight.


But adverbials of frequency (how often) usually come in front of the main verb:
但是表示频率的状语通常出现在主要动词前面:

We usually spent our holidays with our grandparents.

I have never seen William at work.


But if we want to emphasise an adverbial we can put it at the beginning of a clause:
但是如果我们想要强调某个状语,可以把状语放在句首:

Last night we saw our friends.

In a few minutes we will go.

Very quietly he opened the door.


If we want to emphasise an adverb of manner we can put it in front of the main verb:
如果要强调表示方式的状语,我们可以把状语放在主语动词的前面:

He quietly opened the door.

She had carefully put the glass on the shelf.


地点状语

We use adverbials of place to describe:
Location
我们用地点状语形容位置:


We use prepositions to talk about where someone or something is.
我们用介词短语说明某人或某物所在的位置。

Examples:

He was standing by the table.

You’ll find it in the cupboard.

Sign your name here – at the bottom of the page.


Direction
形容方向


We use adverbials to talk about the direction where someone or something is moving.
我们用方位状语形容某人或某物正在移动的方向。

Examples:

Walk past the bank and keep going to the end of the street.

The car door is very small so it’s difficult to get into.


Distance
形容距离


We use adverbials to show how far things are:
我们用方位状语形容物体之间的距离。

Examples:

Birmingham is 250 kilometres from London.

We were in London. Birmingham was 250 kilometres away.



Adverbials of time
时间状语



We use adverbials of time to say:
我们用时间状语描述:


when something happened:
某事发生:

I saw Mary yesterday.

She was born in 1978.

I will see you later.

There was a storm during the night.


for how long :
时间长短:

We waited all day.

They have lived here since 2004.

We will be on holiday from July 1st until August 3rd.


how often (frequency):
频率大小:

They usually watched television in the evening.

We sometimes went to work by car.


We often use a noun phrase as a time adverbial:
我们经常用名词短语作时间状语:




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