【新概念英语三】第14课 A Noble Gangster 高尚的强盗
There was a time when the owners of shops and businesses in Chicago had to pay large sums of money to gangsters in return for 'protection.' If the money was not paid promptly, the gangsters would quickly put a man out of business by destroying his shop. Obtaining 'protection money' is not a modern crime. As long ago as the
fourteenth century, an Englishman, Sir John Hawkwood, made the remarkable
discovery that people would rather pay large sums of money than have their life work destroyed by gangsters.
Six hundred years ago, Sir Johan Hawkwood arrived in Italy with a band of soldiers and settled near Florence. He soon made a name for himself and came to be known to the Italians as Giovanni Acuto. Whenever the Italian city-states were at war with each other, Hawkwood used to hire his soldiers to princes who were willing to pay
the high price he demanded. In times of peace, when business was bad, Hawkwood and his men would march into a city-state and, after burning down a few farms, would offer to go away if protection money was paid to them. Hawkwood made large sums of money in this way. In spite of this, the Italians regarded him as a sort of hero. When he died at the age of eighty, the Florentines gave him a state funeral and had a pictured painted which was dedicated to the memory of 'the most valiant soldier and most notable leader, Signor Giovanni Haukodue.'
gangster n. 歹徒,强盗
Chicago n. 芝加哥(美国城市)
protection n. 保护
promptly adv. 准时地
destroy v. 毁掉;消灭
remarkable adj. 不寻常的
Florence n. 佛罗伦萨(意大利城市)
city-state n. (古代)城邦
hire v. 租出,雇给
prince n. 君主,诸候
funeral n. 葬礼
dedicate v. 奉献,题献给
memory n. 纪念
valiant adj. 英勇的
brave adj. 勇敢的
1.Any orders you place with us will be processed promptly.
2.Mr Brown promptly backtracked, giving the panel flexibility over how it will operate.
英英：do away with, cause the destruction or undoing of
1.If we continue to destroy the countryside many more animal will become extinct.
2.If I waste today I destroy the last page of my life.
3.It can drain your energy, destroy your good mood, and challenge your outlook.
1.He is indeed a remarkable painter.
2.Even this was remarkable, considering that she had had so many delays.
近义：excellent, prominent, extraordinary, significant, wonder
英英：hold under a lease or rental agreement; of goods and services
1.They hire out glassware for parties.
2.They also let bicycles out on hire.
3.Boats for hire.
for hire 供出租
hire purchase n. 分期付款购买
on hire 出租的
hire out 出租
英英：inscribe or address by way of compliment
1.The monument was dedicated to the memory of the national hero.
2.She dedicated her first book to her father.
3.The ancient Greek dedicated many shrines to Aphrodite.
1.They will strike a medal in memory of the great victory.
2.They dedicated the library to their grandfather's memory.
1.The valiant hero saved the little girl's life.
2.Necessity and opportunity may make a coward valiant.
近义：bold, game, brave, gallant
1.However, don't you think it's a brave idea?
2.Your journey to the Arctic is a brave venture.
【in return for...】
【put sb. out of business】
【as long ago as...】
【make a discovery】
【make a name for sb.】
【regard sb. as...】
【dedicate to the memory of...】