【新概念英语三】第14课:高尚的强盗

2012-07-24 22:29:29   Tag:

新概念英语

 
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【新概念英语三】第14课:高尚的强盗 :Listen to the tape then answer the question below. 听录音,然后回答以下问题。

《新概念英语》第三册第14课MP3(英音)

《新概念英语》第三册第14课MP3(美音)

【新概念英语三】第14课 A Noble Gangster 高尚的强盗

【课文】

There was a time when the owners of shops and businesses in Chicago had to pay large sums of money to gangsters in return for 'protection.' If the money was not paid promptly, the gangsters would quickly put a man out of business by destroying his shop. Obtaining 'protection money' is not a modern crime. As long ago as the
fourteenth century, an Englishman, Sir John Hawkwood, made the remarkable
discovery that people would rather pay large sums of money than have their life work destroyed by gangsters.

Six hundred years ago, Sir Johan Hawkwood arrived in Italy with a band of soldiers and settled near Florence. He soon made a name for himself and came to be known to the Italians as Giovanni Acuto. Whenever the Italian city-states were at war with each other, Hawkwood used to hire his soldiers to princes who were willing to pay
the high price he demanded. In times of peace, when business was bad, Hawkwood and his men would march into a city-state and, after burning down a few farms, would offer to go away if protection money was paid to them. Hawkwood made large sums of money in this way. In spite of this, the Italians regarded him as a sort of hero. When he died at the age of eighty, the Florentines gave him a state funeral and had a pictured painted which was dedicated to the memory of 'the most valiant soldier and most notable leader, Signor Giovanni Haukodue.'

【课文翻译】

曾经有一个时期,芝加哥的店主和商行的老板们不得不拿出大笔的钱给歹徒以换取"保护"。如果交款不及时,歹徒们就会很快捣毁他的商店,让他破产.榨取"保护金"并不是一种现代的罪恶行径.早在14世纪,英国人约翰.霍克伍德就有过非凡的发现:"人们情愿拿出大笔的钱,也不愿毕生的心血毁于歹徒之手.

600年前,约翰.霍克伍德爵士带着一队士兵来到意大利,在佛罗伦萨附近驻扎下来,很快就出了名.意大利人叫他乔凡尼.阿库托.每次意大利各城邦之间打伏,霍克伍德把他的士兵雇佣给愿给他出高价的君主。和平时期,当生意萧条时,霍克伍德便带领士兵进入某个城邦,纵火烧毁一两个农场,然后提出,如向他们缴纳保护金,他们便主动撤离。霍克伍德用这种方法挣了大笔钱.尽管如此,意大利人还是把他视作某种英雄。他80岁那年死去时,佛罗伦萨人为他举行了国葬,并为他画像以纪念这位"骁勇无比的战士、杰出的领袖乔凡尼.阿库托先生."

【生词和短语】

gangster n. 歹徒,强盗
Chicago n. 芝加哥(美国城市)
protection n. 保护
promptly adv. 准时地
destroy v. 毁掉;消灭
remarkable adj. 不寻常的
bandn. 帮,团伙
Florence n. 佛罗伦萨(意大利城市)
city-state n. (古代)城邦
hire v. 租出,雇给
prince n. 君主,诸候
funeral n. 葬礼
dedicate v. 奉献,题献给
memory n. 纪念
valiant adj. 英勇的
brave adj. 勇敢的

【知识点分析】

词汇

【promptly】
还原:prompt→promptly

例句:
1.Any orders you place with us will be processed promptly.
贵方与我方的所有订购都将迅速办理。

2.Mr Brown promptly backtracked, giving the panel flexibility over how it will operate.
布朗很快作出反应,将计就计,给予了调查小组更多的自主权。

【destroy】
英英:do away with, cause the destruction or undoing of

例句:
1.If we continue to destroy the countryside many more animal will become extinct.
我们若继续破坏自然环境,将会有更多的动物绝种。

2.If I waste today I destroy the last page of my life.
如果我浪费了今天的时光,我就撕毁了我生活的最后一页。

3.It can drain your energy, destroy your good mood, and challenge your outlook.
压力让精力枯竭,破坏好心情,对前景发出挑战。

近义:undermine, founder

【remarkable】
还原:remark→remarkable

例句:
1.He is indeed a remarkable painter.
他确实是个杰出的画家。

2.Even this was remarkable, considering that she had had so many delays.
但考虑到路上的多次耽搁,这个成绩也已很不容易了。

近义:excellent, prominent, extraordinary, significant, wonder

【hire】
英英:hold under a lease or rental agreement; of goods and services

例句:
1.They hire out glassware for parties.
他们出租玻璃器皿供宴会用。

2.They also let bicycles out on hire.
他们还出租自行车。

3.Boats for hire.
有小船出租。

短语:
for hire 供出租
hire purchase n. 分期付款购买
on hire 出租的
hire out 出租

近义:rent

【dedicate】
英英:inscribe or address by way of compliment

例句:
1.The monument was dedicated to the memory of the national hero.
这座碑是为纪念那位民族英雄而建造的。

2.She dedicated her first book to her father.
她将她的第一本书献给了她父亲。

3.The ancient Greek dedicated many shrines to Aphrodite.
古希腊人为爱神阿弗罗狄特造了许多神庙。

【memory】
例句:
1.They will strike a medal in memory of the great victory.
他们将冲制一枚纪念章纪念这场伟大的胜利。

2.They dedicated the library to their grandfather's memory.
他们用这座图书馆来纪念他们的祖父。

【valiant】
还原:valiance(valiancy)→valiant

例句:
1.The valiant hero saved the little girl's life.
那个英勇“的”英雄拯救了小女孩“的”生命。

2.Necessity and opportunity may make a coward valiant.
需要和机会可使懦夫变得勇敢。

近义:bold, game, brave, gallant

【brave】
例句:
1.However, don't you think it's a brave idea?
不管怎样,你不认为这是一个大胆的想法吗?

2.Your journey to the Arctic is a brave venture.
你去北极旅行是一个大胆的行动。

搭配

【in return for...】
【put sb. out of business】
【as long ago as...】
【make a discovery】
【make a name for sb.】
【regard sb. as...】
【dedicate to the memory of...】

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